DemographicInformation

Age distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 40% 18% 7% 1,108
2007 29% 45% 19% 7% 807

Generational cohort among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 25% 31% 21% 3% < 1% 1,108
2007 < 1% 22% 39% 30% 8% 1% 807

Gender composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 43% 1,145
2007 58% 42% 850

Racial and ethnic composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,104. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 8% 6% 19% 6% 1,104
2007 63% 8% 4% 18% 7% 822

Immigrant status among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 9% 71% 1,100
2007 19% 7% 74% 823

Income distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 926. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 20% 18% 11% 926
2007 40% 26% 23% 12% 639

Educational distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,136. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 30% 10% 5% 1,136

Marital status among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,130. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 12% 14% 4% 39% 1,130
2007 45% 11% 14% 4% 26% 835

Parent of children under 18 among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,142. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 69% 1,142
2007 37% 63% 843

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 24% 10% 1% 18% 5% 1,145
2007 45% 22% 9% 2% 13% 9% 850

Importance of religion in one's life among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 28% 23% 27% 2% 1,145
2007 20% 28% 21% 27% 3% 850

Attendance at religious services among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 27% 66% 1% 1,145
2007 7% 21% 72% 1% 850

Frequency of prayer among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 13% 8% 50% 1% 1,145
2007 25% 15% 8% 49% 4% 850

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 5% 4% 83% 1% 1,145
2007 7% 3% 3% 85% 3% 850

Frequency of meditation among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 7% 3% 58% 2% 1,145
2007 28% 6% 3% 59% 5% 850

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 13% 10% 31% 3% 1,145
2007 34% 9% 11% 39% 7% 850

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 12% 11% 31% 2% 1,145
2007 34% 10% 12% 38% 6% 850

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 13% 59% 12% 4% 1,145
2007 7% 10% 70% 7% 6% 850

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 72% 2% 2% 1,145

Frequency of reading scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 15% 7% 5% 73% 1% 1,145
2007 11% 6% 5% 75% 2% 850

Interpreting scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 16% 2% 53% 12% 1,145
2007 17% 16% 2% 48% 17% 850

Belief in Heaven among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 34% 14% 1,145
2007 49% 34% 18% 850

Belief in Hell among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 48% 13% 1,145
2007 38% 44% 18% 850

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 33% 24% 25% 1,145
2007 17% 36% 23% 24% 850

Views about size of government among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 41% 5% 7% 1,145
2007 38% 45% 6% 10% 850

Views about government aid to the poor among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 48% 6% 4% 1,145

Views about abortion among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 37% 8% 1,145
2007 59% 31% 10% 850

Views about homosexuality among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 16% 6% 6% 1,145
2007 59% 24% 9% 9% 850

Views about same-sex marriage among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 22% 14% 1,145

Views about environmental regulation among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 56% 3% 7% 1,145
2007 27% 58% 5% 10% 850

Views about human evolution among independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are nothing in particular who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 19% 7% 24% 6% 1,145