Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants

% of Mainline Protestants who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,083. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 12% 8% 6,083
2007 77% 12% 11% 7,470

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,583. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 30% 28% 25% 4,583
Don't believe 12% 27% 29% 31% 848
Other/don't know 10% 26% 32% 33% 515

Generational cohort among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,583. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 11% 11% 25% 35% 16% 2% 4,583
Don't believe 8% 10% 21% 39% 19% 3% 848
Other/don't know 7% 7% 22% 39% 22% 3% 515

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 56% 4,683
Don't believe 53% 47% 861
Other/don't know 45% 55% 539

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,626. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 86% 4% 1% 6% 3% 4,626
Don't believe 87% 2% 1% 7% 3% 848
Other/don't know 90% 2% 1% 3% 4% 521

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 6% 6% 87% 4,636
Don't believe 11% 9% 80% 850
Other/don't know 4% 7% 89% 533

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,030. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 20% 28% 21% 4,030
Don't believe 16% 18% 29% 37% 754
Other/don't know 25% 20% 29% 25% 424

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 32% 18% 12% 4,658
Don't believe 23% 24% 27% 26% 856
Other/don't know 33% 28% 22% 16% 531

Marital status among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 5% 12% 10% 19% 4,658
Don't believe 58% 8% 14% 6% 14% 859
Other/don't know 59% 7% 12% 8% 14% 531

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,672. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 73% 4,672
Don't believe 24% 76% 856
Other/don't know 22% 78% 534

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 73% 23% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 32% 36% 17% 2% 11% 3% 861
Other/don't know 50% 34% 7% 2% 1% 7% 539

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 34% 6% 1% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 26% 36% 28% 10% 1% 861
Other/don't know 44% 36% 17% 1% 3% 539

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 43% 21% < 1% 4,683
Don't believe 19% 44% 37% < 1% 861
Other/don't know 27% 38% 33% 2% 539

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 23% 7% 11% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 33% 19% 10% 37% 2% 861
Other/don't know 46% 21% 9% 19% 5% 539

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 11% 10% 58% < 1% 4,683
Don't believe 11% 6% 7% 75% < 1% 861
Other/don't know 17% 7% 7% 67% 3% 539

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 9% 5% 49% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 33% 12% 6% 47% 2% 861
Other/don't know 36% 10% 5% 45% 4% 539

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 18% 11% 12% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 45% 17% 13% 24% 1% 861
Other/don't know 50% 16% 11% 19% 4% 539

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 17% 14% 26% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 48% 16% 16% 19% 2% 861
Other/don't know 45% 15% 15% 21% 4% 539

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 9% 50% 6% 2% 4,683
Don't believe 12% 19% 56% 11% 2% 861
Other/don't know 20% 12% 56% 4% 8% 539

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 64% 1% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 26% 71% 2% 1% 861
Other/don't know 29% 66% 4% 1% 539

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 14% 12% 41% 1% 4,683
Don't believe 17% 10% 13% 60% 1% 861
Other/don't know 22% 11% 9% 54% 3% 539

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 40% 3% 21% 8% 4,683
Don't believe 7% 16% 1% 67% 9% 861
Other/don't know 9% 24% 5% 39% 24% 539

Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 21% 7% 4,683
Don't believe 12% 86% 2% 861
Other/don't know 16% 29% 55% 539

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 16% 38% 4,683
Don't believe 34% 14% 51% 861
Other/don't know 38% 22% 40% 539

Political ideology among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 37% 18% 6% 4,683
Don't believe 24% 40% 33% 3% 861
Other/don't know 33% 36% 23% 8% 539

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 34% 3% 4% 4,683
Don't believe 52% 41% 5% 2% 861
Other/don't know 61% 24% 7% 8% 539

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 44% 4% 2% 4,683
Don't believe 37% 59% 3% 1% 861
Other/don't know 41% 46% 7% 6% 539

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 38% 4% 4,683
Don't believe 79% 18% 3% 861
Other/don't know 61% 29% 11% 539

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 28% 5% 3% 4,683
Don't believe 78% 15% 3% 4% 861
Other/don't know 69% 23% 5% 3% 539

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 38% 8% 4,683
Don't believe 74% 21% 5% 861
Other/don't know 60% 29% 11% 539

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 54% 2% 2% 4,683
Don't believe 26% 70% 1% 3% 861
Other/don't know 35% 54% 6% 5% 539

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants by belief in heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,683. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 35% 4% 32% 5% 4,683
Don't believe 58% 16% 7% 17% 2% 861
Other/don't know 31% 20% 12% 22% 15% 539