Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants

% of Mainline Protestants who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,083. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 29% 11% 6,083
2007 56% 30% 14% 7,470

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,276. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 31% 28% 21% 3,276
Don't believe 11% 27% 29% 32% 2,008
Other/don't know 8% 27% 28% 37% 662

Generational cohort among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,276. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 11% 26% 35% 14% 1% 3,276
Don't believe 7% 8% 23% 38% 21% 3% 2,008
Other/don't know 4% 9% 21% 35% 25% 5% 662

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 54% 3,327
Don't believe 43% 57% 2,056
Other/don't know 41% 59% 700

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,293. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 85% 4% 1% 6% 4% 3,293
Don't believe 90% 2% 1% 5% 2% 2,034
Other/don't know 87% 3% 2% 3% 5% 668

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,297. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 7% 6% 88% 3,297
Don't believe 7% 9% 84% 2,036
Other/don't know 7% 7% 87% 686

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,878. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 21% 27% 20% 2,878
Don't believe 21% 18% 30% 30% 1,796
Other/don't know 29% 16% 28% 27% 534

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,310. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 33% 17% 9% 3,310
Don't believe 28% 26% 24% 22% 2,045
Other/don't know 33% 28% 22% 18% 690

Marital status among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,314. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 5% 13% 8% 21% 3,314
Don't believe 57% 7% 13% 10% 14% 2,045
Other/don't know 57% 5% 12% 14% 12% 689

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,319. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 72% 3,319
Don't believe 24% 76% 2,048
Other/don't know 22% 78% 695

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 21% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 49% 35% 9% 1% 5% 2% 2,056
Other/don't know 61% 27% 5% 3% 1% 4% 700

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 32% 6% 1% < 1% 3,327
Don't believe 39% 39% 16% 5% 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 55% 31% 10% 1% 2% 700

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 42% 21% < 1% 3,327
Don't believe 24% 46% 29% < 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 32% 41% 25% 1% 700

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 22% 6% 11% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 44% 24% 9% 23% 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 53% 22% 7% 14% 5% 700

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 11% 10% 55% < 1% 3,327
Don't believe 11% 9% 9% 71% < 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 17% 9% 9% 62% 3% 700

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 8% 4% 52% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 37% 12% 5% 44% 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 40% 10% 7% 40% 4% 700

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 59% 18% 10% 11% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 51% 17% 13% 17% 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 54% 18% 9% 16% 3% 700

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 17% 14% 26% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 46% 16% 15% 21% 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 42% 15% 14% 25% 4% 700

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 8% 49% 5% 2% 3,327
Don't believe 16% 16% 57% 9% 3% 2,056
Other/don't know 26% 10% 52% 4% 8% 700

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 61% 1% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 24% 73% 2% 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 29% 66% 3% 2% 700

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 14% 11% 38% 1% 3,327
Don't believe 19% 12% 13% 56% < 1% 2,056
Other/don't know 28% 16% 11% 43% 2% 700

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 40% 3% 17% 7% 3,327
Don't believe 9% 28% 2% 52% 10% 2,056
Other/don't know 15% 30% 5% 26% 24% 700

Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 2% 2% 3,327
Don't believe 57% 35% 8% 2,056
Other/don't know 56% 3% 42% 700

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 16% 36% 3,327
Don't believe 36% 14% 50% 2,056
Other/don't know 40% 23% 37% 700

Political ideology among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 36% 15% 5% 3,327
Don't believe 25% 41% 29% 4% 2,056
Other/don't know 35% 37% 18% 10% 700

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 33% 3% 3% 3,327
Don't believe 54% 38% 4% 4% 2,056
Other/don't know 58% 26% 7% 9% 700

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 41% 4% 2% 3,327
Don't believe 39% 56% 3% 2% 2,056
Other/don't know 41% 45% 7% 7% 700

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 43% 4% 3,327
Don't believe 75% 21% 4% 2,056
Other/don't know 58% 31% 11% 700

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 32% 5% 3% 3,327
Don't believe 79% 14% 4% 3% 2,056
Other/don't know 64% 22% 7% 7% 700

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 43% 8% 3,327
Don't believe 74% 20% 6% 2,056
Other/don't know 53% 33% 15% 700

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 52% 2% 2% 3,327
Don't believe 30% 66% 2% 2% 2,056
Other/don't know 33% 56% 4% 8% 700

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants by belief in hell

% of Mainline Protestants who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,327. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 34% 4% 36% 4% 3,327
Don't believe 45% 27% 5% 20% 4% 2,056
Other/don't know 24% 28% 12% 20% 15% 700