Sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 35,071. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 11% 45% 9% 3% 35,071
2007 29% 9% 52% 5% 4% 35,556

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 264. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 8% 28% 44% 16% 5% 264
Catholic 30% 10% 48% 10% 2% 7,202
Evangelical Protestant 60% 5% 30% 3% 2% 8,593
Hindu 6% 19% 50% 24% 1% 199
Historically Black Protestant 47% 6% 41% 4% 2% 1,916
Jehovah's Witness 78% 1% 14% 3% 4% 245
Jewish 17% 17% 50% 14% 3% 847
Mainline Protestant 29% 10% 51% 6% 3% 6,083
Mormon 64% 4% 25% 4% 3% 664
Muslim 37% 9% 36% 13% 4% 237
Orthodox Christian 27% 14% 48% 8% 3% 186
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 7% 18% 57% 17% 2% 7,556

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 11,483. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 16% 33% 30% 21% 11,483
Philosophy/reason 33% 33% 22% 12% 3,822
Common sense 23% 34% 26% 17% 14,914
Science 29% 37% 21% 13% 3,156
Don't know 17% 30% 28% 25% 970

Learn More: 18-29, 30-49, 50-64, 65+

Generational cohort by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 11,483. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 12% 28% 36% 14% 1% 11,483
Philosophy/reason 22% 18% 26% 25% 8% 1% 3,822
Common sense 14% 15% 28% 31% 11% 1% 14,914
Science 19% 18% 30% 24% 8% 1% 3,156
Don't know 10% 12% 26% 33% 18% 2% 970

Learn More: Younger Millennial, Older Millennial, Generation X, Baby Boomer, Silent, Greatest

Gender composition by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 59% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 54% 46% 3,881
Common sense 50% 50% 15,190
Science 56% 44% 3,212
Don't know 53% 47% 1,034

Learn More: Men, Women

Racial and ethnic composition by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 11,598. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 15% 2% 15% 4% 11,598
Philosophy/reason 67% 8% 6% 16% 4% 3,833
Common sense 69% 11% 4% 13% 4% 14,983
Science 61% 7% 7% 21% 4% 3,169
Don't know 68% 10% 3% 15% 5% 966

Learn More: White, Black, Asian, Latino, Other/Mixed

Immigrant status by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 11,603. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 8% 78% 11,603
Philosophy/reason 16% 14% 71% 3,837
Common sense 12% 10% 77% 14,988
Science 26% 13% 61% 3,163
Don't know 16% 8% 76% 1,002

Learn More: Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

Income distribution by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 10,084. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 21% 27% 15% 10,084
Philosophy/reason 31% 18% 27% 25% 3,485
Common sense 34% 21% 26% 19% 13,303
Science 32% 19% 25% 24% 2,862
Don't know 34% 23% 25% 17% 756

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

Educational distribution by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 11,685. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 32% 15% 9% 11,685
Philosophy/reason 29% 32% 22% 17% 3,866
Common sense 43% 32% 15% 9% 15,111
Science 35% 26% 22% 18% 3,188
Don't know 35% 32% 19% 14% 1,018

Learn More: High school or less, Some college, College, Post-graduate degree

Marital status by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 11,697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 4% 13% 8% 19% 11,697
Philosophy/reason 40% 10% 12% 4% 34% 3,866
Common sense 46% 9% 13% 6% 26% 15,129
Science 44% 9% 11% 3% 33% 3,189
Don't know 49% 4% 13% 11% 23% 1,010

Learn More: Married, Living with a partner, Divorced/separated, Widowed, Never married

Parent of children under 18 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 11,697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 31% 69% 11,697
Philosophy/reason 25% 75% 3,873
Common sense 28% 72% 15,146
Science 29% 71% 3,199
Don't know 25% 75% 1,018

Learn More: Parents, Non-parents

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 89% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 42% 26% 10% 1% 17% 4% 3,881
Common sense 54% 25% 7% 1% 11% 3% 15,190
Science 33% 26% 10% 1% 28% 3% 3,212
Don't know 68% 15% 3% 3% 5% 5% 1,034

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Importance of religion in one's life by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 10% 1% 1% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 31% 31% 18% 19% 1% 3,881
Common sense 38% 33% 15% 13% 1% 15,190
Science 26% 28% 18% 28% 1% 3,212
Don't know 60% 19% 6% 8% 6% 1,034

Learn More: Very important, Somewhat important, Not too important, Not at all important

Attendance at religious services by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 24% 10% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 19% 38% 43% < 1% 3,881
Common sense 21% 39% 39% < 1% 15,190
Science 16% 35% 49% 1% 3,212
Don't know 39% 31% 26% 4% 1,034

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of prayer by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 83% 11% 2% 3% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 37% 19% 8% 36% 1% 3,881
Common sense 43% 18% 8% 30% 1% 15,190
Science 29% 16% 7% 48% 1% 3,212
Don't know 61% 13% 4% 17% 5% 1,034

Learn More: At least daily, Weekly, Monthly, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 13% 9% 29% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 11% 8% 8% 72% < 1% 3,881
Common sense 13% 7% 8% 72% 1% 15,190
Science 10% 7% 7% 76% < 1% 3,212
Don't know 26% 9% 8% 53% 5% 1,034

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 7% 3% 34% 3% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 40% 11% 5% 43% 1% 3,881
Common sense 32% 9% 5% 53% 1% 15,190
Science 30% 10% 5% 54% 1% 3,212
Don't know 48% 7% 3% 35% 7% 1,034

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 10% 5% 5% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 51% 19% 11% 19% 1% 3,881
Common sense 48% 17% 12% 21% 1% 15,190
Science 43% 16% 13% 26% 2% 3,212
Don't know 66% 10% 6% 11% 7% 1,034

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 15% 11% 23% 2% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 56% 16% 12% 15% 1% 3,881
Common sense 40% 16% 14% 28% 1% 15,190
Science 47% 16% 14% 22% 1% 3,212
Don't know 51% 11% 11% 19% 8% 1,034

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 47% 1% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 23% 74% 2% 1% 3,881
Common sense 25% 73% 1% 1% 15,190
Science 21% 77% 1% 1% 3,212
Don't know 29% 57% 7% 7% 1,034

Learn More: There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 11% 6% 17% 1% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 20% 11% 10% 58% 1% 3,881
Common sense 21% 10% 9% 59% 1% 15,190
Science 13% 8% 9% 69% 1% 3,212
Don't know 38% 11% 8% 38% 4% 1,034

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 30% 4% 6% 4% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 12% 22% 1% 57% 7% 3,881
Common sense 20% 27% 2% 42% 8% 15,190
Science 16% 17% 1% 61% 6% 3,212
Don't know 22% 23% 11% 23% 20% 1,034

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Belief in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 6% 6% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 53% 37% 10% 3,881
Common sense 69% 24% 7% 15,190
Science 49% 44% 7% 3,212
Don't know 67% 16% 17% 1,034

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 14% 7% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 38% 54% 8% 3,881
Common sense 52% 40% 9% 15,190
Science 37% 57% 6% 3,212
Don't know 50% 27% 22% 1,034

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 18% 33% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 27% 16% 56% 3,881
Common sense 34% 19% 47% 15,190
Science 23% 18% 59% 3,212
Don't know 30% 32% 38% 1,034

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Political ideology by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 26% 13% 7% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 20% 37% 39% 4% 3,881
Common sense 30% 38% 26% 7% 15,190
Science 22% 34% 40% 4% 3,212
Don't know 32% 30% 22% 16% 1,034

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Views about size of government by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 37% 3% 3% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 46% 47% 3% 3% 3,881
Common sense 52% 42% 3% 4% 15,190
Science 39% 55% 3% 3% 3,212
Don't know 41% 31% 10% 17% 1,034

Learn More: Smaller government; fewer services, Bigger government; more services

Views about government aid to the poor by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 43% 4% 2% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 33% 62% 4% 1% 3,881
Common sense 45% 50% 4% 2% 15,190
Science 34% 62% 3% 2% 3,212
Don't know 31% 43% 14% 12% 1,034

Learn More: Does more harm than good, Does more good than harm

Views about abortion by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 29% 67% 4% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 70% 27% 3% 3,881
Common sense 64% 32% 4% 15,190
Science 71% 26% 3% 3,212
Don't know 45% 37% 18% 1,034

Learn More: Legal in all/most cases, Illegal in all/most cases

Views about homosexuality by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 54% 5% 4% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 83% 13% 3% 2% 3,881
Common sense 72% 21% 4% 3% 15,190
Science 81% 15% 2% 2% 3,212
Don't know 51% 27% 10% 13% 1,034

Learn More: Should be accepted, Should be discouraged

Views about same-sex marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 27% 65% 7% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 77% 18% 5% 3,881
Common sense 63% 29% 8% 15,190
Science 75% 20% 5% 3,212
Don't know 43% 35% 21% 1,034

Learn More: Strongly favor/favor, Oppose/strongly oppose

Views about environmental regulation by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 48% 3% 4% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 25% 70% 2% 2% 3,881
Common sense 37% 58% 2% 3% 15,190
Science 26% 70% 2% 2% 3,212
Don't know 29% 50% 8% 13% 1,034

Learn More: Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy, Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost

Views about human evolution by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 27% 2% 56% 5% 11,754
Philosophy/reason 53% 24% 5% 16% 2% 3,881
Common sense 40% 26% 4% 26% 4% 15,190
Science 62% 16% 3% 17% 2% 3,212
Don't know 20% 22% 16% 23% 20% 1,034

Learn More: Evolved; due to natural processes, Evolved; due to God's design, Always existed in present form