Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who read scripture once or twice a month

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,457. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 12% 44% 7% 3% 3,457
2007 30% 9% 52% 5% 3% 3,543

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by religious group

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 34% 10% 44% 10% 2% 782
Evangelical Protestant 51% 8% 35% 3% 3% 979
Historically Black Protestant 33% 8% 49% 6% 4% 249
Mainline Protestant 32% 12% 47% 6% 3% 791
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 11% 20% 56% 11% 2% 362

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,210. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 20% 35% 27% 18% 1,210
Philosophy/reason 37% 34% 21% 8% 417
Common sense 27% 34% 24% 15% 1,430
Science 35% 36% 16% 12% 233
Don't know 20% 44% 20% 16% 102

Generational cohort among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,210. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 11% 30% 33% 11% 1% 1,210
Philosophy/reason 23% 22% 26% 24% 4% < 1% 417
Common sense 17% 15% 28% 28% 10% 1% 1,430
Science 26% 16% 30% 19% 8% 2% 233
Don't know 14% 14% 36% 25% 11% < 1% 102

Gender composition among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 53% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 60% 40% 422
Common sense 45% 55% 1,457
Science 54% 46% 235
Don't know 49% 51% 107

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,225. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 14% 3% 17% 3% 1,225
Philosophy/reason 64% 11% 5% 16% 4% 417
Common sense 60% 17% 4% 16% 4% 1,440
Science 49% 12% 1% 34% 4% 232
Don't know 61% 16% 2% 17% 3% 100

Immigrant status among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,224. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 16% 8% 76% 1,224
Philosophy/reason 16% 12% 72% 420
Common sense 14% 12% 74% 1,433
Science 30% 11% 60% 232
Don't know 15% 7% 78% 101

Income distribution among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,083. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 36% 20% 28% 17% 1,083
Philosophy/reason 32% 18% 30% 21% 388
Common sense 40% 22% 24% 15% 1,279
Science 44% 22% 17% 17% 215

Educational distribution among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 32% 15% 10% 1,234
Philosophy/reason 31% 32% 21% 17% 421
Common sense 47% 33% 13% 7% 1,453
Science 43% 25% 19% 13% 235
Don't know 29% 40% 14% 17% 106

Marital status among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 5% 13% 6% 23% 1,234
Philosophy/reason 40% 10% 14% 2% 34% 421
Common sense 42% 9% 15% 7% 27% 1,453
Science 35% 13% 11% 3% 38% 234
Don't know 56% 4% 10% 6% 25% 103

Parent of children under 18 among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,229. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 31% 69% 1,229
Philosophy/reason 29% 71% 422
Common sense 32% 68% 1,455
Science 30% 70% 234
Don't know 34% 66% 106

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 86% 12% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 58% 26% 6% < 1% 8% 2% 422
Common sense 71% 22% 4% 1% 2% 1% 1,457
Science 52% 34% 3% < 1% 8% 2% 235
Don't know 70% 14% 4% 2% 1% 9% 107

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 13% 1% < 1% < 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 45% 39% 9% 7% < 1% 422
Common sense 55% 35% 6% 3% < 1% 1,457
Science 55% 32% 7% 6% < 1% 235
Don't know 67% 19% 1% 6% 7% 107

Attendance at religious services among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 41% 9% < 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 27% 50% 22% < 1% 422
Common sense 28% 54% 18% < 1% 1,457
Science 24% 53% 22% < 1% 235
Don't know 33% 42% 19% 6% 107

Frequency of prayer among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 19% 2% 2% 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 49% 25% 10% 16% < 1% 422
Common sense 61% 24% 7% 7% 1% 1,457
Science 51% 28% 8% 12% 1% 235
Don't know 64% 20% 5% 4% 7% 107

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 24% 15% 36% < 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 12% 19% 17% 51% < 1% 422
Common sense 13% 22% 13% 51% < 1% 1,457
Science 13% 20% 16% 51% < 1% 235
Don't know 9% 26% 12% 49% 4% 107

Frequency of meditation among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 14% 5% 42% 2% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 44% 17% 3% 35% 1% 422
Common sense 37% 14% 4% 44% 1% 1,457
Science 41% 16% 2% 40% < 1% 235
Don't know 37% 13% 6% 37% 6% 107

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 68% 19% 7% 5% 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 55% 25% 10% 10% 1% 422
Common sense 56% 22% 11% 9% 1% 1,457
Science 54% 23% 13% 8% 2% 235
Don't know 64% 14% 8% 7% 7% 107

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 21% 13% 22% 2% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 57% 19% 10% 14% < 1% 422
Common sense 42% 20% 13% 24% 1% 1,457
Science 46% 19% 13% 22% 1% 235
Don't know 57% 7% 16% 16% 4% 107

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 56% 1% 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 28% 70% 1% 1% 422
Common sense 28% 70% 1% 1% 1,457
Science 24% 74% 1% 1% 235
Don't know 24% 61% 10% 6% 107

Interpreting scripture among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 36% 3% 6% 5% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 16% 32% < 1% 42% 10% 422
Common sense 26% 39% 3% 23% 9% 1,457
Science 26% 31% 1% 36% 5% 235
Don't know 21% 23% 11% 23% 22% 107

Belief in Heaven among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 91% 5% 4% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 68% 23% 8% 422
Common sense 84% 10% 6% 1,457
Science 70% 25% 5% 235
Don't know 73% 7% 20% 107

Belief in Hell among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 15% 7% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 48% 44% 8% 422
Common sense 65% 27% 8% 1,457
Science 61% 36% 3% 235
Don't know 50% 20% 30% 107

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 15% 36% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 33% 18% 49% 422
Common sense 33% 16% 50% 1,457
Science 31% 14% 56% 235
Don't know 35% 30% 36% 107

Political ideology among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 31% 15% 5% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 26% 35% 35% 4% 422
Common sense 34% 39% 22% 5% 1,457
Science 31% 37% 30% 3% 235
Don't know 39% 31% 19% 11% 107

Views about size of government among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 41% 2% 4% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 44% 50% 4% 2% 422
Common sense 50% 43% 3% 4% 1,457
Science 37% 59% 1% 2% 235
Don't know 40% 35% 14% 11% 107

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 46% 3% 1% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 38% 57% 4% 2% 422
Common sense 43% 53% 3% 1% 1,457
Science 35% 63% 2% < 1% 235
Don't know 35% 41% 14% 10% 107

Views about abortion among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 62% 4% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 61% 37% 2% 422
Common sense 59% 38% 3% 1,457
Science 62% 37% 1% 235
Don't know 48% 35% 17% 107

Views about homosexuality among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 43% 5% 4% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 75% 19% 5% 1% 422
Common sense 70% 24% 3% 3% 1,457
Science 78% 17% 1% 3% 235
Don't know 49% 18% 18% 15% 107

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 38% 53% 9% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 70% 24% 6% 422
Common sense 57% 35% 9% 1,457
Science 71% 22% 7% 235
Don't know 40% 40% 20% 107

Views about environmental regulation among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 51% 3% 2% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 31% 64% 4% 1% 422
Common sense 41% 54% 2% 2% 1,457
Science 29% 66% 1% 4% 235
Don't know 37% 50% 8% 5% 107

Views about human evolution among adults who read scripture once or twice a month by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who read scripture once or twice a month who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,236. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 33% 3% 48% 4% 1,236
Philosophy/reason 36% 35% 5% 23% 1% 422
Common sense 28% 31% 4% 33% 4% 1,457
Science 39% 27% 4% 29% 1% 235
Don't know 18% 15% 25% 22% 20% 107