Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,542. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 9% 45% 6% 2% 9,542
2007 31% 7% 55% 4% 2% 9,841

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by religious group

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 34% 9% 48% 7% 2% 2,774
Evangelical Protestant 50% 8% 37% 3% 2% 2,469
Historically Black Protestant 39% 8% 46% 6% 1% 466
Jehovah's Witness 78% 2% 13% 3% 4% 102
Jewish 34% 9% 47% 6% 4% 184
Mainline Protestant 32% 9% 52% 5% 2% 2,158
Mormon 65% 3% 28% 1% 2% 360
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 14% 11% 63% 9% 3% 713

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,746. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 21% 33% 27% 19% 3,746
Philosophy/reason 37% 32% 19% 12% 817
Common sense 24% 34% 25% 17% 4,094
Science 29% 36% 22% 13% 509
Don't know 16% 34% 27% 23% 211

Generational cohort among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,746. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 14% 13% 27% 33% 12% 1% 3,746
Philosophy/reason 25% 19% 25% 22% 9% < 1% 817
Common sense 15% 14% 29% 30% 11% 1% 4,094
Science 22% 13% 30% 26% 8% 1% 509
Don't know 10% 10% 30% 31% 17% 2% 211

Gender composition among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 58% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 48% 52% 827
Common sense 48% 52% 4,156
Science 48% 52% 517
Don't know 58% 42% 223

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 11% 2% 12% 4% 3,782
Philosophy/reason 64% 10% 5% 16% 5% 821
Common sense 72% 10% 3% 12% 3% 4,115
Science 58% 8% 6% 23% 5% 508
Don't know 76% 6% 3% 12% 3% 217

Immigrant status among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,783. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 9% 80% 3,783
Philosophy/reason 17% 12% 71% 824
Common sense 11% 11% 78% 4,111
Science 23% 13% 64% 508
Don't know 17% 7% 76% 220

Income distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 3,368. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 27% 21% 32% 20% 3,368
Philosophy/reason 32% 17% 28% 24% 747
Common sense 32% 21% 28% 19% 3,667
Science 31% 23% 26% 20% 453
Don't know 25% 23% 32% 20% 174

Educational distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,809. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 32% 34% 20% 13% 3,809
Philosophy/reason 32% 34% 19% 14% 825
Common sense 42% 34% 16% 8% 4,141
Science 40% 25% 19% 15% 514
Don't know 34% 27% 24% 15% 220

Marital status among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,808. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 4% 11% 6% 23% 3,808
Philosophy/reason 43% 6% 12% 3% 35% 823
Common sense 48% 7% 13% 7% 25% 4,146
Science 44% 8% 12% 4% 32% 514
Don't know 56% 3% 11% 10% 20% 221

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,802. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 33% 67% 3,802
Philosophy/reason 30% 70% 826
Common sense 30% 70% 4,141
Science 33% 67% 516
Don't know 26% 74% 221

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 9% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 66% 30% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 827
Common sense 69% 26% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 4,156
Science 55% 36% 5% < 1% 3% < 1% 517
Don't know 86% 11% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 223

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 13% 1% 1% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 50% 37% 8% 4% 1% 827
Common sense 46% 44% 8% 2% < 1% 4,156
Science 42% 43% 12% 3% < 1% 517
Don't know 68% 22% 3% 3% 4% 223

Attendance at religious services among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 27% 9% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 33% 47% 20% < 1% 827
Common sense 27% 49% 24% < 1% 4,156
Science 25% 48% 26% 1% 517
Don't know 53% 29% 15% 3% 223

Frequency of prayer among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 81% 14% 2% 2% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 54% 26% 9% 11% < 1% 827
Common sense 52% 25% 9% 13% < 1% 4,156
Science 44% 27% 8% 20% < 1% 517
Don't know 74% 18% 4% 4% 1% 223

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 13% 11% 35% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 18% 14% 15% 53% < 1% 827
Common sense 14% 9% 11% 66% < 1% 4,156
Science 13% 12% 10% 64% < 1% 517
Don't know 28% 16% 10% 43% 3% 223

Frequency of meditation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 8% 3% 38% 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 45% 9% 5% 41% 1% 827
Common sense 30% 8% 5% 56% 1% 4,156
Science 29% 13% 4% 54% < 1% 517
Don't know 48% 7% 2% 37% 5% 223

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 74% 14% 6% 5% 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 56% 22% 10% 11% < 1% 827
Common sense 50% 20% 14% 16% 1% 4,156
Science 46% 18% 18% 18% 1% 517
Don't know 71% 12% 3% 11% 3% 223

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 18% 12% 21% 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 53% 16% 13% 17% 1% 827
Common sense 36% 18% 15% 30% 1% 4,156
Science 38% 17% 16% 29% < 1% 517
Don't know 52% 15% 10% 20% 4% 223

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 50% 1% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 31% 68% 1% < 1% 827
Common sense 29% 70% 1% < 1% 4,156
Science 26% 74% < 1% 1% 517
Don't know 37% 53% 6% 4% 223

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 13% 8% 20% < 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 32% 17% 11% 40% < 1% 827
Common sense 22% 14% 13% 50% < 1% 4,156
Science 20% 15% 13% 52% < 1% 517
Don't know 45% 11% 11% 30% 3% 223

Belief in Heaven among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 5% 5% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 87% 8% 5% 827
Common sense 90% 6% 4% 4,156
Science 85% 12% 3% 517
Don't know 84% 7% 9% 223

Belief in Hell among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 17% 7% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 63% 31% 6% 827
Common sense 68% 25% 6% 4,156
Science 67% 28% 5% 517
Don't know 65% 19% 16% 223

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 15% 33% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 44% 13% 43% 827
Common sense 44% 16% 41% 4,156
Science 33% 18% 50% 517
Don't know 47% 28% 26% 223

Political ideology among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 33% 12% 5% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 29% 42% 26% 4% 827
Common sense 36% 41% 19% 4% 4,156
Science 28% 45% 24% 3% 517
Don't know 44% 34% 11% 12% 223

Views about size of government among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 33% 2% 3% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 55% 41% 2% 1% 827
Common sense 58% 38% 2% 2% 4,156
Science 43% 53% 1% 2% 517
Don't know 55% 25% 8% 12% 223

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 44% 3% 1% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 41% 54% 4% < 1% 827
Common sense 52% 45% 2% 1% 4,156
Science 43% 54% 2% 1% 517
Don't know 36% 40% 16% 8% 223

Views about abortion among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 63% 2% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 56% 41% 2% 827
Common sense 58% 40% 3% 4,156
Science 59% 38% 3% 517
Don't know 38% 52% 10% 223

Views about homosexuality among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 44% 5% 3% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 76% 17% 5% 2% 827
Common sense 71% 22% 4% 2% 4,156
Science 73% 21% 1% 4% 517
Don't know 43% 32% 14% 11% 223

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 57% 7% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 69% 25% 6% 827
Common sense 60% 32% 8% 4,156
Science 66% 29% 6% 517
Don't know 40% 46% 14% 223

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 54% 2% 2% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 32% 67% 1% 1% 827
Common sense 41% 56% 1% 1% 4,156
Science 33% 63% 2% 2% 517
Don't know 39% 46% 8% 7% 223

Views about human evolution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God but should not be taken literally who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,819. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 37% 2% 48% 4% 3,819
Philosophy/reason 28% 44% 4% 23% 2% 827
Common sense 25% 38% 3% 31% 3% 4,156
Science 41% 32% 3% 23% 2% 517
Don't know 5% 39% 14% 26% 16% 223