Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,702. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 5% 33% 5% 2% 13,702

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by religious group

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 43% 7% 40% 8% 2% 2,547
Evangelical Protestant 71% 3% 22% 2% 2% 5,738
Historically Black Protestant 57% 5% 33% 3% 2% 994
Jehovah's Witness 82% < 1% 10% 3% 5% 188
Jewish 46% 11% 38% 4% 1% 119
Mainline Protestant 44% 6% 44% 3% 2% 2,103
Mormon 74% 3% 18% 2% 4% 468
Muslim 50% 5% 37% 7% 2% 117
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 21% 8% 57% 12% 2% 1,117

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,547. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 13% 32% 31% 24% 7,547
Philosophy/reason 22% 32% 27% 19% 639
Common sense 14% 31% 30% 25% 4,312
Science 19% 37% 24% 19% 584
Don't know 12% 27% 29% 32% 313

Generational cohort among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,547. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 10% 27% 37% 16% 2% 7,547
Philosophy/reason 14% 14% 26% 31% 14% 2% 639
Common sense 9% 10% 26% 36% 17% 2% 4,312
Science 12% 12% 33% 29% 13% 2% 584
Don't know 6% 7% 26% 34% 25% 2% 313

Gender composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 56% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 61% 39% 653
Common sense 61% 39% 4,388
Science 65% 35% 595
Don't know 60% 40% 332

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 7,635. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 14% 2% 13% 3% 7,635
Philosophy/reason 59% 14% 5% 17% 4% 646
Common sense 66% 15% 3% 12% 3% 4,327
Science 46% 15% 6% 29% 3% 592
Don't know 72% 9% 2% 12% 5% 308

Immigrant status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 7,638. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 13% 6% 81% 7,638
Philosophy/reason 19% 10% 71% 643
Common sense 14% 8% 78% 4,322
Science 35% 9% 56% 582
Don't know 15% 6% 80% 327

Income distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 6,615. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 36% 22% 28% 14% 6,615
Philosophy/reason 41% 17% 24% 19% 575
Common sense 39% 21% 25% 15% 3,805
Science 43% 21% 20% 16% 530
Don't know 33% 27% 26% 14% 237

Educational distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 7,686. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 45% 32% 15% 8% 7,686
Philosophy/reason 44% 28% 15% 12% 649
Common sense 55% 30% 10% 5% 4,358
Science 56% 21% 12% 10% 589
Don't know 45% 33% 14% 8% 329

Marital status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 7,702. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 3% 13% 8% 16% 7,702
Philosophy/reason 45% 7% 15% 8% 25% 648
Common sense 51% 6% 15% 9% 19% 4,371
Science 46% 5% 16% 5% 27% 592
Don't know 56% 4% 12% 14% 14% 328

Parent of children under 18 among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 7,694. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 70% 7,694
Philosophy/reason 31% 69% 653
Common sense 28% 72% 4,376
Science 30% 70% 593
Don't know 29% 71% 328

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 93% 6% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 66% 20% 5% 1% 4% 2% 653
Common sense 71% 19% 4% 1% 3% 2% 4,388
Science 55% 26% 7% < 1% 10% 2% 595
Don't know 84% 9% 1% 3% 1% 1% 332

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 92% 6% 1% < 1% 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 56% 28% 8% 7% < 1% 653
Common sense 57% 29% 9% 5% < 1% 4,388
Science 45% 31% 10% 14% < 1% 595
Don't know 78% 14% 2% 2% 3% 332

Attendance at religious services among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 73% 18% 8% < 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 36% 39% 24% < 1% 653
Common sense 34% 38% 27% < 1% 4,388
Science 32% 35% 32% 1% 595
Don't know 61% 24% 13% 2% 332

Frequency of prayer among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 87% 9% 1% 2% 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 59% 18% 4% 17% 1% 653
Common sense 57% 18% 8% 17% 1% 4,388
Science 44% 21% 9% 26% 1% 595
Don't know 77% 14% 1% 4% 3% 332

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 12% 8% 23% 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 26% 11% 12% 51% 1% 653
Common sense 22% 10% 10% 58% < 1% 4,388
Science 23% 10% 12% 55% < 1% 595
Don't know 42% 14% 8% 33% 4% 332

Frequency of meditation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 6% 3% 31% 3% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 48% 8% 6% 37% 2% 653
Common sense 37% 7% 5% 50% 1% 4,388
Science 37% 10% 6% 45% 2% 595
Don't know 50% 5% 3% 33% 8% 332

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 82% 9% 4% 4% 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 59% 16% 7% 17% 1% 653
Common sense 54% 16% 10% 19% 1% 4,388
Science 50% 12% 12% 25% 2% 595
Don't know 72% 9% 5% 9% 5% 332

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 15% 10% 23% 2% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 48% 14% 13% 22% 2% 653
Common sense 38% 15% 13% 32% 1% 4,388
Science 46% 14% 14% 26% < 1% 595
Don't know 46% 12% 15% 20% 7% 332

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 39% 1% 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 33% 64% 2% 1% 653
Common sense 34% 63% 1% 1% 4,388
Science 27% 71% 2% 1% 595
Don't know 41% 44% 6% 9% 332

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 75% 9% 4% 11% 1% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 37% 15% 9% 38% 1% 653
Common sense 33% 12% 10% 44% 1% 4,388
Science 28% 9% 16% 46% 1% 595
Don't know 59% 13% 8% 17% 4% 332

Interpreting scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 26% 4% 3% 3% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 34% 30% 3% 26% 7% 653
Common sense 38% 30% 3% 22% 8% 4,388
Science 36% 24% 2% 34% 4% 595
Don't know 38% 30% 14% 5% 13% 332

Belief in Heaven among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 5% 6% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 78% 14% 8% 653
Common sense 82% 12% 6% 4,388
Science 72% 22% 6% 595
Don't know 80% 7% 13% 332

Belief in Hell among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 83% 11% 6% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 65% 26% 8% 653
Common sense 69% 23% 8% 4,388
Science 60% 33% 8% 595
Don't know 69% 15% 17% 332

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 16% 27% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 48% 19% 33% 653
Common sense 49% 17% 35% 4,388
Science 39% 17% 44% 595
Don't know 50% 26% 24% 332

Political ideology among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 21% 9% 6% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 46% 30% 19% 5% 653
Common sense 49% 31% 14% 6% 4,388
Science 45% 32% 17% 6% 595
Don't know 55% 19% 12% 13% 332

Views about size of government among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 30% 2% 3% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 61% 35% 2% 2% 653
Common sense 60% 35% 2% 3% 4,388
Science 45% 53% 1% 1% 595
Don't know 58% 25% 4% 14% 332

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 37% 4% 2% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 55% 40% 3% 2% 653
Common sense 57% 38% 3% 2% 4,388
Science 52% 43% 3% 2% 595
Don't know 45% 31% 12% 12% 332

Views about abortion among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 78% 3% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 43% 54% 3% 653
Common sense 42% 54% 4% 4,388
Science 50% 47% 3% 595
Don't know 20% 64% 15% 332

Views about homosexuality among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 16% 77% 4% 3% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 36% 56% 5% 3% 653
Common sense 31% 62% 4% 3% 4,388
Science 39% 55% 2% 3% 595
Don't know 14% 63% 12% 11% 332

Views about environmental regulation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 42% 3% 4% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 46% 49% 2% 2% 653
Common sense 52% 43% 2% 3% 4,388
Science 43% 51% 2% 3% 595
Don't know 47% 32% 7% 14% 332

Views about human evolution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,734. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 6% 21% 2% 66% 5% 7,734
Philosophy/reason 25% 28% 5% 36% 6% 653
Common sense 23% 27% 3% 41% 5% 4,388
Science 38% 22% 1% 36% 4% 595
Don't know 5% 22% 8% 40% 24% 332