Frequency of meditation among adults in Delaware

% of adults in Delaware who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 301. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 8% 4% 51% 3% 301

Learn More: At least once a week, Seldom/never

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are ages…

Frequency of meditation 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 110. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 20% 24% 30% 25% 110
Seldom/never 24% 33% 27% 16% 144

Generational cohort among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are…

Frequency of meditation Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 110. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 14% 10% 21% 32% 23% 1% 110
Seldom/never 18% 12% 27% 34% 10% < 1% 144

Gender composition among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are…

Frequency of meditation Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 43% 57% 111
Seldom/never 52% 48% 148

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who identify as…

Frequency of meditation White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 109. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 62% 23% < 1% 10% 4% 109
Seldom/never 72% 20% 1% 6% 1% 144

Immigrant status among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are…

Frequency of meditation Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 110. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 21% 2% 77% 110
Seldom/never 8% 7% 85% 146

Income distribution among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who have a household income of…

Frequency of meditation Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Seldom/never 21% 20% 38% 22% 124

Educational distribution among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who have completed…

Frequency of meditation High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 60% 19% 11% 10% 111
Seldom/never 36% 36% 16% 12% 148

Marital status among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are…

Frequency of meditation Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 46% 7% 17% 12% 18% 111
Seldom/never 58% 13% 6% 3% 20% 148

Parent of children under 18 among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are…

Frequency of meditation Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 36% 64% 111
Seldom/never 32% 68% 148

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say they…

Frequency of meditation Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 76% 20% < 1% < 1% 1% 3% 111
Seldom/never 54% 26% 9% 1% 10% 1% 148

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say religion is…

Frequency of meditation Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 70% 22% 5% 3% < 1% 111
Seldom/never 32% 40% 12% 13% 2% 148

Attendance at religious services among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who attend religious services…

Frequency of meditation At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 50% 30% 20% < 1% 111
Seldom/never 26% 32% 39% 3% 148

Frequency of prayer among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who pray…

Frequency of meditation At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 80% 9% 3% 7% 1% 111
Seldom/never 31% 25% 4% 36% 3% 148

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who attend prayer group…

Frequency of meditation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 31% 17% 13% 39% < 1% 111
Seldom/never 13% 8% 7% 71% 1% 148

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Frequency of meditation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 72% 13% 2% 11% 2% 111
Seldom/never 39% 20% 15% 23% 3% 148

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Frequency of meditation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 52% 21% 8% 18% 2% 111
Seldom/never 30% 20% 11% 37% 1% 148

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Frequency of meditation Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 39% 11% 45% 3% 2% 111
Seldom/never 23% 7% 60% 6% 3% 148

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say…

Frequency of meditation There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 34% 66% < 1% < 1% 111
Seldom/never 28% 70% < 1% 2% 148

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who read scripture…

Frequency of meditation At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 49% 18% 7% 23% 2% 111
Seldom/never 16% 12% 7% 64% 1% 148

Interpreting scripture among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say the holy scripture is…

Frequency of meditation Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 33% 34% 5% 19% 9% 111
Seldom/never 18% 28% 4% 44% 7% 148

Belief in Heaven among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who …in heaven

Frequency of meditation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 82% 10% 8% 111
Seldom/never 74% 20% 6% 148

Belief in Hell among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who …in hell

Frequency of meditation Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 65% 23% 11% 111
Seldom/never 53% 37% 10% 148

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who identify as…

Frequency of meditation Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 28% 9% 64% 111
Seldom/never 29% 22% 49% 148

Political ideology among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who are…

Frequency of meditation Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 25% 39% 31% 5% 111
Seldom/never 29% 40% 21% 10% 148

Views about size of government among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who would rather have…

Frequency of meditation Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 39% 48% 7% 5% 111
Seldom/never 49% 44% 2% 6% 148

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say government aid to the poor…

Frequency of meditation Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 36% 60% 1% 2% 111
Seldom/never 45% 47% 6% 2% 148

Views about abortion among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say abortion should be…

Frequency of meditation Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 47% 48% 5% 111
Seldom/never 60% 32% 8% 148

Views about homosexuality among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say homosexuality…

Frequency of meditation Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 59% 34% 1% 6% 111
Seldom/never 69% 26% 3% 2% 148

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who …same-sex marriage

Frequency of meditation Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 46% 48% 7% 111
Seldom/never 66% 30% 4% 148

Views about environmental regulation among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say…

Frequency of meditation Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 30% 62% 2% 6% 111
Seldom/never 32% 57% 8% 3% 148

Views about human evolution among adults in Delaware by frequency of meditation

% of adults in Delaware who say humans…

Frequency of meditation Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 111. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
At least once a week 29% 18% 3% 42% 7% 111
Seldom/never 38% 25% 5% 29% 4% 148