Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in Pennsylvania

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,366. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 9% 45% 10% 2% 1,366
2007 28% 9% 56% 4% 2% 1,896

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in Pennsylvania by religious group

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 30% 7% 50% 11% 3% 355
Evangelical Protestant 67% 5% 25% 3% 1% 248
Mainline Protestant 29% 8% 53% 7% 3% 344
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 7% 13% 57% 21% 2% 243

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 466. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 12% 31% 33% 24% 466
Philosophy/reason 38% 24% 23% 15% 128
Common sense 23% 32% 26% 20% 586
Science 29% 38% 20% 14% 137

Generational cohort among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 466. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 6% 12% 25% 39% 17% 2% 466
Philosophy/reason 23% 22% 17% 25% 11% 2% 128
Common sense 16% 11% 27% 32% 12% 1% 586
Science 25% 11% 30% 23% 10% 1% 137

Gender composition among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 60% 474
Philosophy/reason 51% 49% 128
Common sense 49% 51% 590
Science 65% 35% 139

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 469. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 80% 12% 2% 4% 2% 469
Philosophy/reason 77% 10% 6% 4% 3% 127
Common sense 84% 8% 1% 4% 2% 583
Science 76% 8% 5% 9% 2% 137

Immigrant status among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 468. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 6% 6% 88% 468
Philosophy/reason 10% 8% 81% 127
Common sense 4% 7% 89% 580
Science 13% 12% 75% 134

Income distribution among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 408. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 26% 22% 13% 408
Philosophy/reason 27% 17% 31% 26% 107
Common sense 35% 19% 25% 21% 504
Science 35% 13% 22% 30% 118

Educational distribution among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 473. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 26% 12% 11% 473
Philosophy/reason 25% 25% 32% 17% 128
Common sense 48% 28% 15% 8% 588
Science 37% 25% 21% 16% 137

Marital status among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 473. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 3% 11% 11% 16% 473
Philosophy/reason 41% 12% 9% 8% 30% 128
Common sense 47% 9% 10% 8% 26% 587
Science 43% 4% 9% 4% 40% 137

Parent of children under 18 among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 472. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 26% 74% 472
Philosophy/reason 33% 67% 128
Common sense 28% 72% 587
Science 23% 77% 139

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 92% 6% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 41% 32% 8% < 1% 14% 6% 128
Common sense 48% 30% 8% 1% 11% 2% 590
Science 29% 23% 9% < 1% 34% 5% 139

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 89% 8% 1% 1% 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 30% 37% 19% 14% < 1% 128
Common sense 33% 36% 16% 14% < 1% 590
Science 20% 28% 22% 30% < 1% 139

Attendance at religious services among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 24% 9% < 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 22% 39% 38% < 1% 128
Common sense 17% 41% 41% 1% 590
Science 13% 35% 51% 1% 139

Frequency of prayer among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 12% 1% 3% < 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 40% 16% 10% 33% < 1% 128
Common sense 39% 21% 9% 31% < 1% 590
Science 31% 9% 6% 53% 1% 139

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 10% 14% 31% < 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 7% 11% 7% 75% < 1% 128
Common sense 11% 5% 6% 78% < 1% 590
Science 9% 2% 3% 85% < 1% 139

Frequency of meditation among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 8% 3% 34% 2% 474
Philosophy/reason 42% 10% 8% 40% < 1% 128
Common sense 28% 7% 5% 59% < 1% 590
Science 26% 8% 4% 61% 1% 139

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 77% 12% 7% 4% 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 46% 28% 8% 15% 3% 128
Common sense 45% 17% 13% 25% < 1% 590
Science 36% 16% 13% 33% 3% 139

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 19% 9% 18% 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 60% 14% 14% 12% < 1% 128
Common sense 35% 20% 16% 30% 1% 590
Science 43% 18% 13% 26% < 1% 139

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 47% 1% < 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 26% 73% < 1% 1% 128
Common sense 29% 70% 1% < 1% 590
Science 23% 73% 2% 1% 139

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 9% 8% 19% < 1% 474
Philosophy/reason 21% 9% 10% 60% < 1% 128
Common sense 14% 8% 12% 65% 1% 590
Science 14% 5% 7% 75% < 1% 139

Interpreting scripture among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 36% 3% 9% 3% 474
Philosophy/reason 9% 30% < 1% 56% 5% 128
Common sense 23% 26% 1% 43% 7% 590
Science 15% 11% < 1% 66% 9% 139

Belief in Heaven among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 86% 7% 7% 474
Philosophy/reason 58% 35% 7% 128
Common sense 70% 23% 7% 590
Science 45% 49% 6% 139

Belief in Hell among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 18% 6% 474
Philosophy/reason 35% 55% 10% 128
Common sense 52% 40% 8% 590
Science 41% 56% 3% 139

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 15% 33% 474
Philosophy/reason 28% 9% 63% 128
Common sense 35% 16% 49% 590
Science 24% 15% 61% 139

Political ideology among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 22% 16% 9% 474
Philosophy/reason 25% 35% 37% 3% 128
Common sense 28% 42% 22% 7% 590
Science 25% 33% 38% 4% 139

Views about size of government among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 62% 31% 2% 4% 474
Philosophy/reason 46% 44% 5% 4% 128
Common sense 57% 38% 2% 3% 590
Science 45% 52% < 1% 2% 139

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 39% 4% 3% 474
Philosophy/reason 30% 66% 3% 1% 128
Common sense 50% 46% 3% 1% 590
Science 38% 59% 3% 1% 139

Views about abortion among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 27% 70% 4% 474
Philosophy/reason 75% 21% 4% 128
Common sense 60% 35% 5% 590
Science 74% 24% 2% 139

Views about homosexuality among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 52% 5% 3% 474
Philosophy/reason 85% 11% 2% 2% 128
Common sense 71% 22% 4% 3% 590
Science 83% 11% 3% 3% 139

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 61% 9% 474
Philosophy/reason 79% 17% 4% 128
Common sense 62% 28% 9% 590
Science 77% 15% 8% 139

Views about environmental regulation among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 43% 3% 2% 474
Philosophy/reason 25% 72% 2% 1% 128
Common sense 37% 59% 1% 2% 590
Science 26% 73% < 1% < 1% 139

Views about human evolution among adults in Pennsylvania by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 474. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 25% 3% 59% 3% 474
Philosophy/reason 44% 35% 3% 15% 3% 128
Common sense 43% 22% 4% 28% 4% 590
Science 66% 15% 1% 18% < 1% 139