DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 31% 28% 21% 3,129
2007 17% 38% 26% 19% 3,686

Generational cohort among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 11% 26% 34% 14% 1% 3,129
2007 < 1% 13% 28% 36% 18% 5% 3,686

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 54% 3,180
2007 46% 54% 3,756

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 85% 4% 1% 6% 4% 3,146
2007 89% 2% 1% 4% 3% 3,720

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,152. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 6% 6% 88% 3,152
2007 4% 5% 91% 3,733

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 21% 27% 19% 2,754
2007 27% 23% 32% 18% 3,142

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,163. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 33% 16% 9% 3,163

Marital status among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 54% 5% 13% 8% 21% 3,167
2007 58% 5% 12% 9% 16% 3,737

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,173. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 72% 3,173
2007 34% 66% 3,749

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 77% 20% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 3,180
2007 83% 15% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3,756

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 33% 6% 1% < 1% 3,180
2007 60% 33% 6% 1% < 1% 3,756

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 42% 21% < 1% 3,180
2007 39% 41% 19% 1% 3,756

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 23% 6% 10% 1% 3,180
2007 59% 23% 7% 10% 1% 3,756

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 11% 10% 56% < 1% 3,180
2007 20% 10% 11% 58% 1% 3,756

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 8% 4% 52% 1% 3,180
2007 35% 7% 4% 53% 2% 3,756

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 18% 10% 11% 2% 3,180
2007 50% 16% 15% 16% 3% 3,756

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 18% 14% 26% 1% 3,180
2007 35% 16% 17% 29% 4% 3,756

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 8% 49% 5% 2% 3,180
2007 30% 7% 56% 4% 3% 3,756

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 62% 1% 1% 3,180

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 14% 11% 38% 1% 3,180
2007 32% 13% 11% 43% 1% 3,756

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 40% 3% 17% 7% 3,180
2007 32% 40% 4% 16% 7% 3,756

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 16% 36% 3,180
2007 47% 14% 39% 3,756

Political ideology among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 36% 15% 5% 3,180
2007 42% 39% 15% 5% 3,756

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 61% 33% 3% 3% 3,180
2007 51% 39% 4% 6% 3,756

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 41% 4% 2% 3,180

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 54% 43% 4% 3,180
2007 55% 40% 6% 3,756

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 32% 5% 3% 3,180
2007 48% 42% 5% 5% 3,756

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 43% 8% 3,180

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 52% 2% 2% 3,180
2007 31% 61% 3% 5% 3,756

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven

% of Mainline Protestants who believe in Hell who believe in Heaven who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,180. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 35% 4% 36% 4% 3,180