Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 33% 43% 6% 7,973
2007 22% 36% 36% 6% 6,275

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 11% 27% 59% 3% 151
Catholic 24% 36% 35% 4% 709
Evangelical Protestant 57% 27% 13% 4% 503
Jewish 9% 29% 61% 2% 461
Mainline Protestant 24% 40% 33% 3% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 13% 34% 48% 6% 4,429

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 22% 30% 29% 20% 1,345
Moderate 28% 36% 22% 14% 2,604
Liberal 30% 36% 21% 14% 3,569
Don't know 35% 34% 19% 12% 336

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,345. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 14% 13% 25% 34% 13% 2% 1,345
Moderate 18% 19% 28% 26% 8% 1% 2,604
Liberal 18% 20% 27% 26% 8% 1% 3,569
Don't know 19% 24% 26% 22% 8% 1% 336

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 36% 1,367
Moderate 64% 36% 2,639
Liberal 51% 49% 3,605
Don't know 58% 42% 362

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,334. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 73% 6% 4% 14% 3% 1,334
Moderate 71% 5% 6% 14% 4% 2,600
Liberal 74% 5% 6% 11% 4% 3,568
Don't know 57% 10% 9% 20% 5% 346

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,349. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 16% 10% 74% 1,349
Moderate 16% 12% 72% 2,613
Liberal 16% 14% 70% 3,580
Don't know 22% 12% 66% 350

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 27% 20% 30% 23% 1,195
Moderate 23% 20% 30% 27% 2,384
Liberal 24% 17% 29% 30% 3,330
Don't know 44% 23% 18% 15% 266

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,359. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 42% 31% 17% 10% 1,359
Moderate 30% 30% 23% 16% 2,633
Liberal 22% 28% 27% 23% 3,594
Don't know 49% 30% 14% 7% 349

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,358. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 8% 13% 5% 23% 1,358
Moderate 45% 9% 12% 4% 30% 2,630
Liberal 42% 12% 12% 3% 31% 3,593
Don't know 39% 8% 11% 5% 39% 359

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,362. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 26% 74% 1,362
Moderate 25% 75% 2,629
Liberal 24% 76% 3,599
Don't know 24% 76% 360

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 40% 19% 9% 1% 27% 3% 1,367
Moderate 21% 22% 14% < 1% 38% 5% 2,639
Liberal 15% 19% 12% 1% 48% 5% 3,605
Don't know 35% 12% 10% 1% 37% 5% 362

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 33% 19% 20% 27% 1% 1,367
Moderate 14% 22% 27% 36% 1% 2,639
Liberal 11% 18% 23% 47% 1% 3,605
Don't know 24% 13% 20% 41% 1% 362

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 24% 25% 50% < 1% 1,367
Moderate 9% 29% 61% < 1% 2,639
Liberal 6% 25% 69% < 1% 3,605
Don't know 20% 19% 59% 2% 362

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 37% 11% 5% 46% 1% 1,367
Moderate 18% 10% 6% 65% 1% 2,639
Liberal 15% 9% 6% 71% < 1% 3,605
Don't know 29% 9% 4% 58% 1% 362

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 20% 5% 6% 69% < 1% 1,367
Moderate 7% 3% 4% 86% < 1% 2,639
Liberal 4% 3% 4% 89% < 1% 3,605
Don't know 17% 3% 6% 72% 1% 362

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 8% 5% 51% 2% 1,367
Moderate 29% 10% 6% 54% 1% 2,639
Liberal 31% 11% 6% 51% 1% 3,605
Don't know 37% 10% 3% 48% 2% 362

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 13% 10% 29% 1% 1,367
Moderate 41% 15% 11% 31% 1% 2,639
Liberal 41% 17% 11% 30% 1% 3,605
Don't know 44% 12% 4% 35% 5% 362

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 14% 14% 25% 2% 1,367
Moderate 48% 17% 14% 20% 1% 2,639
Liberal 53% 17% 13% 17% < 1% 3,605
Don't know 45% 12% 11% 30% 3% 362

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 25% 10% 51% 13% 1% 1,367
Moderate 6% 18% 55% 19% 2% 2,639
Liberal 4% 24% 48% 22% 2% 3,605
Don't know 18% 10% 54% 11% 7% 362

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 40% 58% 1% 1% 1,367
Moderate 21% 77% 1% 1% 2,639
Liberal 14% 84% 1% 1% 3,605
Don't know 27% 67% 4% 2% 362

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 27% 6% 7% 60% 1% 1,367
Moderate 10% 6% 8% 77% < 1% 2,639
Liberal 6% 5% 6% 82% < 1% 3,605
Don't know 22% 2% 6% 69% 1% 362

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 19% 15% 2% 60% 5% 1,367
Moderate 5% 8% 1% 81% 5% 2,639
Liberal 2% 5% < 1% 89% 4% 3,605
Don't know 12% 13% 1% 64% 11% 362

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 16% 81% 3% 1,367
Moderate 7% 92% 1% 2,639
Liberal 3% 96% 1% 3,605
Don't know 6% 93% 1% 362

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 62% 17% 21% 1,367
Moderate 28% 20% 52% 2,639
Liberal 6% 11% 83% 3,605
Don't know 10% 69% 21% 362

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 74% 23% 2% 1% 1,367
Moderate 59% 34% 4% 3% 2,639
Liberal 27% 65% 4% 3% 3,605
Don't know 47% 37% 5% 11% 362

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 32% 3% 1% 1,367
Moderate 39% 56% 4% 1% 2,639
Liberal 16% 81% 3% 1% 3,605
Don't know 41% 45% 8% 5% 362

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 55% 41% 4% 1,367
Moderate 78% 19% 3% 2,639
Liberal 88% 10% 2% 3,605
Don't know 57% 34% 9% 362

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 57% 34% 5% 4% 1,367
Moderate 86% 10% 2% 1% 2,639
Liberal 93% 5% 1% 1% 3,605
Don't know 64% 23% 5% 8% 362

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 42% 8% 1,367
Moderate 82% 14% 5% 2,639
Liberal 92% 6% 2% 3,605
Don't know 58% 26% 16% 362

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 46% 3% 2% 1,367
Moderate 26% 68% 3% 3% 2,639
Liberal 11% 87% 1% 1% 3,605
Don't know 32% 58% 5% 6% 362

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 14% 3% 33% 2% 1,367
Moderate 71% 12% 4% 12% 2% 2,639
Liberal 81% 8% 3% 7% 1% 3,605
Don't know 45% 14% 9% 25% 7% 362