Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 32% 17% 6% 19,167
2007 44% 34% 15% 7% 20,461

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 42% 34% 20% 5% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 57% 26% 11% 6% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 37% 33% 24% 6% 1,557
Jewish 44% 34% 18% 4% 144
Mainline Protestant 43% 36% 15% 5% 3,327
Mormon 63% 26% 7% 4% 381
Muslim 25% 39% 29% 7% 173
Orthodox Christian 38% 48% 13% 2% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 26% 39% 25% 10% 1,699

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 9,030. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 16% 33% 30% 21% 9,030
Moderate 25% 35% 25% 15% 5,953
Liberal 26% 36% 25% 13% 2,873
Don't know 26% 38% 21% 15% 958

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 9,030. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 10% 11% 28% 36% 14% 1% 9,030
Moderate 16% 15% 29% 29% 9% 1% 5,953
Liberal 17% 18% 29% 28% 8% 1% 2,873
Don't know 15% 21% 28% 24% 11% 1% 958

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 49% 9,195
Moderate 45% 55% 6,042
Liberal 45% 55% 2,908
Don't know 42% 58% 1,022

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 9,088. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 72% 11% 2% 12% 3% 9,088
Moderate 62% 16% 3% 15% 4% 5,987
Liberal 46% 21% 5% 23% 5% 2,876
Don't know 57% 18% 3% 16% 5% 990

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 9,114. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 12% 7% 81% 9,114
Moderate 13% 10% 77% 5,974
Liberal 22% 12% 66% 2,848
Don't know 20% 6% 75% 957

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,012. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 32% 21% 29% 17% 8,012
Moderate 38% 21% 26% 15% 5,370
Liberal 47% 22% 19% 12% 2,591
Don't know 60% 17% 16% 6% 677

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 9,166. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 45% 33% 15% 7% 9,166
Moderate 42% 34% 15% 9% 6,019
Liberal 50% 32% 11% 7% 2,895
Don't know 61% 31% 6% 3% 982

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 9,165. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 58% 4% 12% 7% 18% 9,165
Moderate 46% 7% 13% 7% 27% 6,025
Liberal 37% 10% 17% 6% 31% 2,899
Don't know 38% 6% 17% 8% 31% 1,004

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 9,165. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 31% 69% 9,165
Moderate 32% 68% 6,017
Liberal 31% 69% 2,903
Don't know 31% 69% 1,009

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 86% 12% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9,195
Moderate 75% 20% 3% < 1% 1% 1% 6,042
Liberal 68% 24% 5% 1% 1% 1% 2,908
Don't know 75% 17% 3% 2% 1% 2% 1,022

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 77% 18% 3% 1% < 1% 9,195
Moderate 62% 28% 7% 2% < 1% 6,042
Liberal 58% 30% 8% 4% < 1% 2,908
Don't know 67% 22% 6% 3% 1% 1,022

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 30% 13% < 1% 9,195
Moderate 41% 38% 20% < 1% 6,042
Liberal 34% 38% 28% < 1% 2,908
Don't know 36% 32% 29% 3% 1,022

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 76% 14% 4% 6% 1% 9,195
Moderate 63% 19% 6% 12% < 1% 6,042
Liberal 60% 20% 7% 13% < 1% 2,908
Don't know 66% 15% 6% 12% 2% 1,022

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 41% 12% 10% 37% 1% 9,195
Moderate 26% 12% 10% 52% < 1% 6,042
Liberal 25% 12% 8% 55% < 1% 2,908
Don't know 27% 10% 8% 52% 2% 1,022

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 7% 3% 41% 2% 9,195
Moderate 39% 9% 4% 47% 1% 6,042
Liberal 43% 9% 5% 43% 2% 2,908
Don't know 41% 6% 3% 45% 5% 1,022

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 71% 13% 7% 7% 1% 9,195
Moderate 61% 16% 10% 12% 1% 6,042
Liberal 60% 14% 10% 15% 1% 2,908
Don't know 56% 14% 7% 16% 7% 1,022

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 16% 11% 25% 1% 9,195
Moderate 40% 18% 15% 26% 1% 6,042
Liberal 44% 15% 13% 27% 1% 2,908
Don't know 41% 11% 9% 34% 6% 1,022

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 57% 5% 32% 4% 2% 9,195
Moderate 37% 8% 47% 6% 2% 6,042
Liberal 31% 10% 47% 9% 2% 2,908
Don't know 42% 6% 44% 5% 4% 1,022

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 53% 45% 2% 1% 9,195
Moderate 31% 67% 1% < 1% 6,042
Liberal 24% 74% 1% 1% 2,908
Don't know 30% 63% 4% 3% 1,022

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 12% 8% 24% 1% 9,195
Moderate 39% 13% 10% 38% 1% 6,042
Liberal 37% 12% 10% 41% < 1% 2,908
Don't know 42% 8% 8% 38% 3% 1,022

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 53% 31% 4% 9% 4% 9,195
Moderate 34% 38% 3% 19% 6% 6,042
Liberal 37% 30% 2% 25% 6% 2,908
Don't know 47% 21% 6% 14% 12% 1,022

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 94% 2% 3% 9,195
Moderate 96% 3% 2% 6,042
Liberal 96% 3% 2% 2,908
Don't know 94% 2% 4% 1,022

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 65% 11% 24% 9,195
Moderate 35% 17% 49% 6,042
Liberal 17% 18% 65% 2,908
Don't know 15% 57% 28% 1,022

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 69% 27% 1% 2% 9,195
Moderate 49% 45% 3% 3% 6,042
Liberal 30% 65% 3% 3% 2,908
Don't know 35% 49% 6% 10% 1,022

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 63% 32% 3% 1% 9,195
Moderate 42% 52% 4% 2% 6,042
Liberal 33% 62% 3% 2% 2,908
Don't know 39% 47% 7% 7% 1,022

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 29% 68% 3% 9,195
Moderate 53% 44% 3% 6,042
Liberal 59% 37% 4% 2,908
Don't know 40% 48% 12% 1,022

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 56% 4% 3% 9,195
Moderate 64% 29% 4% 3% 6,042
Liberal 67% 27% 3% 2% 2,908
Don't know 49% 35% 7% 9% 1,022

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 25% 68% 7% 9,195
Moderate 53% 40% 7% 6,042
Liberal 61% 33% 6% 2,908
Don't know 39% 42% 20% 1,022

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 39% 2% 3% 9,195
Moderate 35% 61% 2% 2% 6,042
Liberal 31% 65% 1% 3% 2,908
Don't know 39% 46% 5% 10% 1,022

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,195. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 13% 26% 2% 54% 4% 9,195
Moderate 23% 34% 3% 37% 3% 6,042
Liberal 29% 32% 3% 32% 4% 2,908
Don't know 18% 24% 6% 39% 12% 1,022