Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who do not believe in Heaven by state (2014) Switch to: State among who do not believe in Heaven by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

State Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 11% 7% 51% 26% 5% 104
Arizona 12% 16% 51% 18% 3% 161
California 8% 22% 47% 20% 2% 1,158
Colorado 9% 26% 48% 15% 2% 162
Connecticut 1% 13% 66% 17% 3% 110
Florida 11% 16% 55% 17% 1% 499
Georgia 11% 23% 47% 18% 1% 157
Illinois 9% 20% 51% 18% 2% 287
Indiana 13% 17% 50% 17% 2% 107
Maine 7% 13% 64% 13% 2% 100
Maryland 9% 14% 54% 20% 3% 177
Massachusetts 3% 14% 54% 26% 3% 263
Michigan 10% 13% 58% 17% 1% 180
Minnesota 11% 17% 53% 15% 4% 114
Missouri 12% 23% 48% 14% 3% 114
New Hampshire 8% 12% 59% 19% 2% 102
New Jersey 3% 20% 57% 18% 1% 209
New York 7% 22% 49% 19% 3% 545
North Carolina 13% 16% 51% 18% 2% 179
Ohio 10% 18% 53% 17% 1% 194
Oregon 3% 24% 43% 30% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 11% 14% 50% 24% 1% 281
Texas 14% 16% 48% 20% 2% 430
Vermont 3% 21% 54% 20% 2% 129
Virginia 11% 25% 44% 20% 1% 197
Washington 8% 17% 51% 22% 2% 235
Wisconsin 5% 19% 54% 22% 1% 124

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science