DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 762. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 30% 26% 24% 762
2007 16% 40% 28% 16% 1,128

Generational cohort among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 762. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 11% 25% 35% 14% 2% 762
2007 < 1% 11% 30% 38% 17% 4% 1,128

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 55% 771
2007 48% 52% 1,145

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 762. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 87% 4% 1% 7% 2% 762
2007 92% 3% 1% 2% 3% 1,135

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 765. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 5% 6% 88% 765
2007 4% 4% 92% 1,140

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 673. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 21% 30% 20% 673
2007 22% 22% 35% 21% 979

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 767. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 33% 18% 12% 767

Marital status among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 770. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 3% 15% 7% 23% 770
2007 64% 6% 10% 6% 14% 1,144

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 770. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 73% 770
2007 36% 64% 1,143

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 42% 3% 1% < 1% 771
2007 49% 44% 6% 1% < 1% 1,145

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 49% 22% < 1% 771
2007 28% 52% 20% < 1% 1,145

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 10% 12% 65% < 1% 771
2007 10% 8% 12% 69% 1% 1,145

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 9% 6% 56% 1% 771
2007 25% 10% 6% 58% 1% 1,145

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 23% 14% 11% 1% 771
2007 40% 21% 20% 16% 3% 1,145

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 18% 15% 28% 2% 771
2007 29% 17% 21% 31% 2% 1,145

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 11% 54% 7% 1% 771
2007 19% 8% 65% 5% 3% 1,145

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 65% 1% 2% 771

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 15% 21% 46% 1% 771
2007 14% 15% 16% 54% < 1% 1,145

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 44% 2% 20% 8% 771
2007 20% 41% 3% 25% 11% 1,145

Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 91% 5% 5% 771
2007 88% 6% 6% 1,145

Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 23% 8% 771
2007 62% 26% 12% 1,145

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 12% 39% 771
2007 46% 13% 41% 1,145

Political ideology among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 40% 17% 3% 771
2007 36% 43% 18% 4% 1,145

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 36% 3% 3% 771
2007 51% 39% 5% 5% 1,145

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 46% 3% 2% 771

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 38% 3% 771
2007 65% 30% 5% 1,145

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 67% 27% 5% 1% 771
2007 59% 34% 5% 3% 1,145

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 36% 5% 771

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 53% 2% 3% 771
2007 29% 65% 3% 3% 1,145

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray weekly who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 771. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 40% 3% 30% 5% 771