DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 867. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 34% 24% 17% 867
2007 21% 43% 25% 12% 849

Generational cohort among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 867. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 15% 26% 30% 11% < 1% 867
2007 < 1% 15% 35% 34% 14% 2% 849

Gender composition among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 50% 880
2007 50% 50% 862

Racial and ethnic composition among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 877. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 8% 1% 10% 5% 877
2007 86% 7% 1% 4% 3% 854

Immigrant status among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 870. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 7% 84% 870
2007 3% 3% 93% 858

Income distribution among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 783. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 23% 30% 13% 783
2007 31% 25% 33% 11% 733

Educational distribution among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 879. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 38% 12% 8% 879

Marital status among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 878. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 6% 16% 7% 23% 878
2007 58% 6% 13% 6% 17% 861

Parent of children under 18 among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 878. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 69% 878
2007 39% 61% 858

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 85% 13% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 880
2007 89% 10% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 862

Importance of religion in one's life among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 25% 2% 1% 1% 880
2007 72% 26% 1% < 1% 1% 862

Attendance at religious services among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 48% 12% < 1% 880
2007 44% 47% 9% < 1% 862

Frequency of prayer among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 71% 23% 3% 1% 1% 880
2007 72% 22% 4% 1% 1% 862

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 25% 16% 40% < 1% 880
2007 21% 22% 14% 42% < 1% 862

Frequency of meditation among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 14% 5% 46% 2% 880
2007 31% 12% 4% 50% 2% 862

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 21% 9% 7% 1% 880
2007 59% 21% 13% 6% 2% 862

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 21% 13% 26% 1% 880
2007 36% 19% 16% 26% 3% 862

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 8% 36% 3% 2% 880
2007 39% 5% 52% 3% 1% 862

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 59% 1% 1% 880

Interpreting scripture among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 40% 2% 8% 5% 880
2007 50% 34% 3% 7% 6% 862

Belief in Hell among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 86% 10% 4% 880
2007 86% 9% 6% 862

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 14% 34% 880
2007 47% 15% 39% 862

Political ideology among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 32% 14% 5% 880
2007 47% 35% 15% 4% 862

Views about size of government among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 61% 34% 1% 4% 880
2007 47% 45% 3% 5% 862

Views about government aid to the poor among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 43% 4% 1% 880

Views about abortion among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 53% 3% 880
2007 43% 52% 5% 862

Views about homosexuality among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 43% 4% 4% 880
2007 35% 56% 5% 5% 862

Views about same-sex marriage among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 53% 9% 880

Views about environmental regulation among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 48% 2% 2% 880
2007 36% 58% 3% 3% 862

Views about human evolution among Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Evangelical Protestants who believe in Heaven who read scripture once or twice a month who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 34% 3% 49% 3% 880