DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 < 1% < 1% < 1% 100% 179
2007 < 1% < 1% 24% 76% 261

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 64% 179
2007 41% 59% 261

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 178. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 97% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 178
2007 95% 2% < 1% 1% 2% 260

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 177. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 < 1% 7% 93% 177
2007 2% 8% 90% 259

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 24% 30% 15% 145
2007 36% 25% 22% 17% 208

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 20% 20% 17% 179

Marital status among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 178. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 2% 14% 25% 2% 178
2007 62% < 1% 10% 25% 4% 261

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 1% 99% 179
2007 1% 99% 261

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 22% < 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 179
2007 81% 15% < 1% 2% 1% 1% 261

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 71% 29% 1% < 1% < 1% 179
2007 73% 23% 3% 1% < 1% 261

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 54% 35% 10% < 1% 179
2007 50% 40% 10% < 1% 261

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 67% 28% 1% 3% 1% 179
2007 61% 29% 6% 4% 1% 261

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 21% 17% 42% 1% 179
2007 18% 17% 15% 49% 1% 261

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 20% 4% 18% 3% 179
2007 50% 19% 6% 22% 3% 261

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 25% 7% 3% 3% 179
2007 52% 26% 9% 8% 5% 261

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 17% 12% 14% 4% 179
2007 42% 19% 14% 22% 4% 261

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 5% 43% 4% 5% 179
2007 27% 6% 58% 3% 6% 261

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 58% < 1% 3% 179

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 39% 4% 17% 8% 179
2007 28% 40% 5% 16% 10% 261

Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 84% 6% 11% 179
2007 83% 10% 8% 261

Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 26% 18% 179
2007 55% 29% 16% 261

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 9% 42% 179
2007 42% 14% 44% 261

Political ideology among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 30% 17% 6% 179
2007 42% 36% 14% 7% 261

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 26% 6% 8% 179
2007 55% 30% 8% 7% 261

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 40% 7% 3% 179

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 36% 7% 179
2007 61% 31% 9% 261

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 36% 4% 5% 179
2007 41% 43% 8% 8% 261

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 43% 15% 179

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 52% 4% 3% 179
2007 31% 58% 6% 5% 261

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month

% of Mainline Protestants adults in the Silent generation who read scripture once or twice a month who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 179. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 32% 6% 32% 7% 179