DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 < 1% < 1% 81% 19% 312
2007 < 1% 37% 63% < 1% 396

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 52% 312
2007 47% 53% 396

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 300. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 85% 2% 2% 4% 7% 300
2007 88% 1% 2% 3% 5% 383

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 309. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 5% 87% 309
2007 6% 3% 91% 394

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 235. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 17% 24% 21% 235
2007 30% 23% 27% 20% 319

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 30% 13% 12% 312

Marital status among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 311. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 3% 19% 11% 4% 311
2007 62% 6% 18% 6% 8% 392

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 90% 312
2007 28% 72% 396

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 70% 20% 5% 2% 2% 1% 312
2007 73% 20% 2% < 1% < 1% 3% 396

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 34% 12% 2% 2% 312
2007 50% 35% 10% 3% 2% 396

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 37% 33% 2% 312
2007 30% 36% 32% 2% 396

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 18% 6% 21% 2% 312
2007 51% 21% 7% 17% 5% 396

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 8% 5% 69% 1% 312
2007 15% 8% 7% 66% 3% 396

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 7% 4% 47% 3% 312
2007 40% 8% 3% 46% 3% 396

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 14% 11% 18% 4% 312
2007 50% 11% 11% 21% 5% 396

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 14% 11% 34% 3% 312
2007 39% 12% 13% 29% 6% 396

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 5% 54% 5% 6% 312
2007 20% 7% 65% 3% 5% 396

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 68% 4% 1% 312

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 8% 11% 46% 2% 312
2007 29% 11% 6% 50% 4% 396

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 27% 6% 28% 16% 312
2007 26% 28% 6% 23% 17% 396

Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 73% 14% 13% 312
2007 73% 14% 14% 396

Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 32% 13% 312
2007 49% 32% 19% 396

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 47% 12% 15% 312
2007 27% 46% 14% 13% 396

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 58% 28% 5% 9% 312
2007 47% 32% 8% 12% 396

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 43% 8% 4% 312

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 31% 9% 312
2007 60% 24% 15% 396

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 26% 6% 6% 312
2007 50% 32% 9% 10% 396

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 36% 11% 312

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 51% 5% 3% 312
2007 26% 62% 4% 7% 396

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer

% of Mainline Protestants independents and those who don't lean to either party who are baby Boomer who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 312. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 29% 10% 28% 9% 312