DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 429. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 15% 23% 29% 33% 429
2007 14% 24% 20% 43% 488

Generational cohort among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 429. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 10% 20% 36% 22% 5% 429
2007 < 1% 11% 15% 24% 33% 17% 488

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 56% 432
2007 38% 62% 501

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 83% 5% < 1% 8% 4% 430
2007 86% 3% 1% 6% 5% 498

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 429. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 6% 6% 87% 429
2007 5% 6% 88% 498

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 68% 24% 5% 3% 430

Marital status among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 8% 19% 21% 21% 432
2007 31% 5% 20% 28% 16% 496

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 431. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 24% 76% 431
2007 21% 79% 501

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 77% 17% 3% 1% 1% < 1% 432
2007 80% 15% 2% 2% 1% < 1% 501

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 24% 4% 2% 1% 432
2007 65% 27% 6% 2% 1% 501

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 39% 24% < 1% 432
2007 42% 37% 20% 1% 501

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 20% 4% 9% 1% 432
2007 63% 18% 6% 12% 1% 501

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 13% 12% 49% < 1% 432
2007 24% 12% 9% 55% 1% 501

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 10% 3% 45% 2% 432
2007 45% 9% 3% 40% 3% 501

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 16% 9% 12% 1% 432
2007 52% 15% 10% 19% 4% 501

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 14% 11% 27% 1% 432
2007 36% 16% 12% 30% 6% 501

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 6% 47% 5% 1% 432
2007 35% 7% 52% 4% 3% 501

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 57% 1% < 1% 432

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 15% 10% 30% 1% 432
2007 43% 11% 7% 36% 1% 501

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 27% 3% 14% 7% 432
2007 40% 29% 6% 14% 11% 501

Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 89% 5% 7% 432
2007 85% 9% 6% 501

Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 18% 6% 432
2007 66% 20% 14% 501

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 15% 32% 432
2007 47% 16% 37% 501

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 58% 35% 4% 3% 432
2007 43% 44% 5% 9% 501

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 43% 6% 3% 432

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 47% 7% 432
2007 45% 46% 9% 501

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 45% 3% 4% 432
2007 40% 49% 5% 6% 501

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 51% 8% 432

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 44% 1% 2% 432
2007 35% 53% 3% 9% 501

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000

% of Mainline Protestants conservatives who have a household income of less than $30,000 who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 28% 2% 43% 5% 432