DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 694. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 33% 31% 23% 694
2007 18% 40% 27% 15% 778

Generational cohort among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 694. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 14% 25% 38% 15% 1% 694
2007 < 1% 13% 30% 38% 15% 4% 778

Gender composition among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 68% 707
2007 34% 66% 796

Racial and ethnic composition among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 7% < 1% 10% 4% 697
2007 84% 5% 1% 6% 4% 786

Immigrant status among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 698. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 9% 83% 698
2007 7% 7% 87% 792

Income distribution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 630. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 16% 26% 22% 630
2007 27% 21% 31% 21% 677

Educational distribution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 702. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 30% 17% 21% 702

Marital status among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 705. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 5% 15% 9% 19% 705
2007 50% 8% 14% 8% 21% 790

Parent of children under 18 among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 72% 707
2007 33% 67% 793

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 30% 4% 2% < 1% 707
2007 55% 36% 6% 2% < 1% 796

Attendance at religious services among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 41% 21% < 1% 707
2007 33% 42% 25% 1% 796

Frequency of prayer among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 67% 20% 4% 7% < 1% 707
2007 58% 25% 8% 7% 2% 796

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 11% 9% 55% < 1% 707
2007 16% 9% 8% 66% 1% 796

Frequency of meditation among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 10% 4% 37% 1% 707
2007 39% 7% 5% 46% 3% 796

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 16% 9% 11% 1% 707
2007 51% 19% 14% 13% 4% 796

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 13% 12% 23% 2% 707
2007 46% 12% 15% 24% 3% 796

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 14% 48% 7% 3% 707
2007 19% 11% 62% 4% 4% 796

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 75% 1% 1% 707

Frequency of reading scripture among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 13% 16% 35% < 1% 707
2007 26% 13% 10% 50% 1% 796

Interpreting scripture among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 35% 2% 30% 12% 707
2007 19% 35% 2% 30% 13% 796

Belief in Heaven among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 83% 9% 7% 707
2007 79% 10% 11% 796

Belief in Hell among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 58% 33% 8% 707
2007 53% 35% 12% 796

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 12% 78% 707
2007 14% 13% 73% 796

Views about size of government among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 30% 64% 4% 3% 707
2007 30% 56% 7% 6% 796

Views about government aid to the poor among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 73% 3% 1% 707

Views about abortion among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 77% 21% 2% 707
2007 72% 21% 7% 796

Views about homosexuality among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 15% 4% 1% 707
2007 74% 18% 4% 4% 796

Views about same-sex marriage among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 19% 5% 707

Views about environmental regulation among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 77% 3% 1% 707
2007 17% 77% 2% 4% 796

Views about human evolution among Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal

% of Mainline Protestants adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are liberal who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 707. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 33% 6% 25% 4% 707