State among adults who believe in Heaven

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are in…

Survey year Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% < 1% 2% 1% 11% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 3% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 3% 1% 6% 3% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 8% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 24,337
2007 2% < 1% 1% 1% 10% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 3% < 1% 1% 4% 3% 1% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 3% 1% 5% 4% < 1% 5% 1% 1% 6% < 1% 2% < 1% 3% 7% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 25,775

Learn More: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

State among adults who believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are in…

Religious tradition Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 16% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 6% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 3% 3% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 5% 1% 10% 1% < 1% 3% 1% 1% 5% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 9% < 1% < 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 6,083
Evangelical Protestant 3% < 1% 2% 2% 9% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 5% < 1% < 1% 3% 3% 1% 1% 3% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 2% 3% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 3% 4% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 4% 10% < 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 7,452
Historically Black Protestant 4% < 1% < 1% 1% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 8% 8% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 5% < 1% 5% 1% 4% 1% 4% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 5% 6% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 4% < 1% 3% 8% < 1% < 1% 5% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1,761
Jehovah's Witness < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% 12% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9% 8% 1% < 1% 6% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% < 1% 1% 1% 6% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 3% 1% 7% 2% < 1% 3% 1% 1% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 9% 1% < 1% 1% 6% 1% 1% 1% 126
Jewish < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 12% < 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 13% 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 13% < 1% 28% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 3% < 1% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 288
Mainline Protestant 1% < 1% 2% 1% 7% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 4% 3% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 5% 4% < 1% 5% 2% 1% 7% < 1% 2% 1% 2% 7% < 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 4,683
Mormon 1% 1% 6% 1% 10% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 2% 1% 6% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 6% 28% < 1% 3% 4% < 1% < 1% 1% 626
Muslim 1% < 1% 1% 2% 13% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 7% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 3% 4% 3% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9% < 1% 13% 2% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 8% 1% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 3% < 1% 202
Orthodox Christian < 1% 2% 1% < 1% 14% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 6% 2% < 1% 1% 6% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% 6% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 7% < 1% 14% 5% < 1% 1% < 1% 4% 5% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% < 1% 5% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 138
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 1% < 1% 3% 1% 11% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 2% 1% 1% 4% 3% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 4% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 6% 3% < 1% 5% 1% 1% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 7% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 2,430

Learn More: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are ages…

State 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 417. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 21% 34% 27% 19% 417
Alaska 26% 36% 26% 12% 169
Arizona 21% 35% 26% 19% 442
Arkansas 24% 31% 26% 19% 251
California 23% 36% 26% 16% 2,161
Colorado 22% 34% 27% 16% 285
Connecticut 17% 36% 29% 17% 229
Delaware 20% 33% 28% 19% 221
District of Columbia 33% 30% 23% 14% 168
Florida 19% 31% 26% 23% 1,341
Georgia 22% 36% 26% 16% 731
Hawaii 24% 33% 25% 18% 183
Idaho 18% 35% 28% 18% 218
Illinois 20% 36% 27% 17% 912
Indiana 22% 31% 30% 17% 490
Iowa 22% 34% 24% 21% 239
Kansas 21% 34% 27% 18% 229
Kentucky 19% 35% 27% 18% 349
Louisiana 23% 33% 25% 19% 366
Maine 17% 35% 30% 18% 176
Maryland 20% 35% 28% 17% 409
Massachusetts 17% 35% 30% 18% 356
Michigan 19% 33% 29% 19% 692
Minnesota 18% 35% 28% 20% 404
Mississippi 21% 32% 27% 19% 267
Missouri 19% 31% 30% 19% 480
Montana 22% 28% 33% 17% 200
Nebraska 19% 34% 29% 18% 240
Nevada 25% 32% 23% 20% 197
New Hampshire 18% 31% 32% 19% 158
New Jersey 17% 35% 29% 19% 585
New Mexico 17% 36% 28% 20% 197
New York 21% 33% 28% 19% 1,221
North Carolina 22% 34% 26% 18% 763
North Dakota 23% 28% 30% 18% 262
Ohio 19% 31% 30% 20% 849
Oklahoma 20% 31% 29% 20% 307
Oregon 21% 35% 26% 18% 228
Pennsylvania 18% 32% 29% 22% 964
Rhode Island 19% 28% 32% 21% 203
South Carolina 22% 34% 25% 19% 376
South Dakota 21% 32% 31% 16% 226
Tennessee 20% 33% 27% 20% 520
Texas 23% 37% 25% 16% 1,877
Utah 30% 39% 22% 10% 231
Vermont 15% 30% 32% 23% 153
Virginia 21% 34% 27% 18% 604
Washington 21% 35% 25% 19% 409
West Virginia 16% 31% 31% 22% 248
Wisconsin 20% 32% 31% 17% 412
Wyoming 17% 36% 30% 17% 234

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

State Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 417. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 14% 13% 28% 31% 13% 1% 417
Alaska 17% 16% 29% 27% 9% 2% 169
Arizona 14% 14% 29% 30% 13% 1% 442
Arkansas 17% 11% 27% 32% 12% < 1% 251
California 16% 14% 29% 30% 11% 1% 2,161
Colorado 10% 20% 27% 32% 11% < 1% 285
Connecticut 13% 11% 30% 33% 13% 1% 229
Delaware 15% 11% 27% 32% 14% 1% 221
District of Columbia 17% 21% 26% 25% 11% 1% 168
Florida 13% 12% 26% 32% 15% 2% 1,341
Georgia 15% 12% 30% 31% 11% 1% 731
Hawaii 18% 12% 27% 33% 9% 1% 183
Idaho 12% 13% 29% 33% 14% < 1% 218
Illinois 14% 12% 30% 31% 12% 1% 912
Indiana 15% 13% 25% 34% 11% 2% 490
Iowa 15% 14% 27% 28% 15% 1% 239
Kansas 13% 16% 26% 33% 10% 1% 229
Kentucky 9% 16% 29% 34% 11% 1% 349
Louisiana 13% 17% 26% 30% 13% 1% 366
Maine 8% 12% 32% 36% 11% 1% 176
Maryland 12% 14% 29% 31% 13% 1% 409
Massachusetts 11% 12% 29% 36% 11% 1% 356
Michigan 12% 12% 28% 34% 12% 1% 692
Minnesota 10% 14% 28% 33% 14% 1% 404
Mississippi 12% 14% 28% 32% 13% 2% 267
Missouri 13% 14% 24% 36% 13% 1% 480
Montana 11% 16% 23% 38% 11% < 1% 200
Nebraska 12% 11% 29% 33% 12% 2% 240
Nevada 16% 13% 28% 30% 12% 1% 197
New Hampshire 13% 7% 29% 37% 13% 1% 158
New Jersey 11% 11% 30% 34% 12% 2% 585
New Mexico 8% 15% 29% 36% 12% < 1% 197
New York 13% 13% 27% 33% 12% 1% 1,221
North Carolina 12% 17% 27% 32% 11% 1% 763
North Dakota 12% 18% 22% 36% 8% 4% 262
Ohio 12% 13% 26% 36% 13% 1% 849
Oklahoma 13% 12% 27% 33% 13% 3% 307
Oregon 13% 12% 31% 29% 13% 1% 228
Pennsylvania 12% 11% 27% 35% 15% 1% 964
Rhode Island 10% 12% 25% 38% 14% 1% 203
South Carolina 15% 13% 29% 32% 12% < 1% 376
South Dakota 14% 16% 23% 35% 11% 1% 226
Tennessee 12% 15% 26% 33% 13% 1% 520
Texas 14% 16% 30% 28% 11% 1% 1,877
Utah 20% 18% 31% 26% 5% < 1% 231
Vermont 8% 12% 26% 39% 14% 2% 153
Virginia 11% 15% 29% 32% 12% 1% 604
Washington 14% 13% 28% 31% 12% 2% 409
West Virginia 12% 9% 27% 37% 15% 2% 248
Wisconsin 12% 13% 26% 35% 12% 2% 412
Wyoming 10% 14% 30% 34% 10% 2% 234

Gender composition among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

State Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 46% 54% 428
Alaska 46% 54% 176
Arizona 45% 55% 448
Arkansas 46% 54% 258
California 46% 54% 2,213
Colorado 47% 53% 291
Connecticut 45% 55% 237
Delaware 42% 58% 224
District of Columbia 42% 58% 181
Florida 45% 55% 1,367
Georgia 45% 55% 747
Hawaii 47% 53% 186
Idaho 45% 55% 221
Illinois 44% 56% 929
Indiana 46% 54% 496
Iowa 47% 53% 241
Kansas 45% 55% 231
Kentucky 45% 55% 355
Louisiana 43% 57% 367
Maine 41% 59% 177
Maryland 46% 54% 416
Massachusetts 46% 54% 368
Michigan 46% 54% 707
Minnesota 45% 55% 411
Mississippi 44% 56% 269
Missouri 46% 54% 489
Montana 43% 57% 204
Nebraska 48% 52% 242
Nevada 44% 56% 202
New Hampshire 38% 62% 164
New Jersey 46% 54% 606
New Mexico 45% 55% 199
New York 43% 57% 1,249
North Carolina 46% 54% 774
North Dakota 52% 48% 267
Ohio 46% 54% 862
Oklahoma 45% 55% 310
Oregon 44% 56% 229
Pennsylvania 45% 55% 977
Rhode Island 39% 61% 207
South Carolina 45% 55% 386
South Dakota 46% 54% 233
Tennessee 46% 54% 531
Texas 45% 55% 1,918
Utah 47% 53% 238
Vermont 47% 53% 155
Virginia 46% 54% 622
Washington 49% 51% 419
West Virginia 47% 53% 251
Wisconsin 44% 56% 423
Wyoming 48% 52% 236

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

State White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 422. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 66% 28% < 1% 4% 3% 422
Alaska 64% 5% 4% 6% 22% 171
Arizona 59% 4% 3% 29% 6% 439
Arkansas 76% 16% 1% 5% 2% 256
California 38% 7% 12% 40% 3% 2,181
Colorado 73% 4% 1% 19% 3% 288
Connecticut 70% 10% 2% 15% 3% 234
Delaware 66% 24% 2% 7% 1% 222
District of Columbia 25% 59% 3% 11% 3% 179
Florida 57% 17% 1% 22% 3% 1,352
Georgia 55% 32% 1% 8% 4% 740
Hawaii 24% 5% 41% 10% 20% 184
Idaho 88% 1% 1% 9% 1% 218
Illinois 66% 15% 2% 14% 2% 913
Indiana 82% 10% < 1% 5% 3% 490
Iowa 92% 4% 1% 3% 1% 241
Kansas 79% 5% 2% 10% 3% 229
Kentucky 87% 8% < 1% 3% 2% 352
Louisiana 59% 35% < 1% 4% 3% 362
Maine 94% 2% < 1% 2% 2% 176
Maryland 51% 34% 2% 7% 6% 409
Massachusetts 73% 10% 2% 12% 3% 358
Michigan 77% 14% 1% 4% 4% 700
Minnesota 85% 6% 1% 4% 4% 403
Mississippi 59% 38% < 1% 2% 2% 266
Missouri 82% 12% 1% 3% 3% 487
Montana 89% < 1% 1% 2% 8% 202
Nebraska 85% 4% 1% 8% 2% 241
Nevada 47% 10% 3% 29% 11% 202
New Hampshire 93% 1% < 1% 2% 3% 162
New Jersey 58% 15% 4% 19% 4% 595
New Mexico 44% 2% 2% 42% 11% 198
New York 57% 16% 5% 17% 4% 1,227
North Carolina 64% 24% 1% 7% 4% 768
North Dakota 88% 1% < 1% 2% 9% 262
Ohio 82% 12% 1% 3% 2% 848
Oklahoma 73% 8% < 1% 5% 14% 306
Oregon 80% 1% 1% 12% 6% 227
Pennsylvania 81% 10% 2% 5% 2% 970
Rhode Island 79% 4% < 1% 9% 8% 206
South Carolina 64% 28% < 1% 5% 3% 383
South Dakota 90% < 1% 1% 2% 7% 231
Tennessee 77% 17% < 1% 4% 2% 526
Texas 47% 13% 2% 34% 4% 1,893
Utah 82% 1% 1% 13% 4% 233
Vermont 94% < 1% < 1% 2% 4% 154
Virginia 64% 21% 4% 7% 4% 610
Washington 74% 4% 4% 11% 7% 411
West Virginia 94% 3% < 1% < 1% 2% 248
Wisconsin 86% 6% 1% 5% 3% 418
Wyoming 89% 1% < 1% 8% 2% 236

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

State Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 424. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 4% 4% 92% 424
Alaska 10% 9% 81% 171
Arizona 15% 13% 73% 446
Arkansas 4% 2% 94% 256
California 35% 17% 48% 2,175
Colorado 11% 6% 83% 286
Connecticut 18% 14% 68% 231
Delaware 13% 7% 80% 222
District of Columbia 19% 6% 76% 173
Florida 23% 12% 65% 1,344
Georgia 8% 5% 88% 735
Hawaii 20% 13% 67% 180
Idaho 8% 5% 87% 221
Illinois 12% 12% 76% 916
Indiana 4% 5% 91% 495
Iowa 6% 3% 91% 239
Kansas 7% 6% 88% 230
Kentucky 3% < 1% 97% 350
Louisiana 2% 3% 95% 361
Maine 3% 11% 86% 176
Maryland 11% 8% 81% 409
Massachusetts 19% 16% 64% 364
Michigan 6% 7% 87% 702
Minnesota 7% 5% 89% 410
Mississippi 2% 1% 98% 264
Missouri 4% 3% 93% 480
Montana 1% 4% 96% 200
Nebraska 10% 3% 86% 239
Nevada 26% 12% 62% 199
New Hampshire 10% 10% 80% 162
New Jersey 23% 16% 60% 595
New Mexico 14% 8% 79% 195
New York 25% 17% 58% 1,216
North Carolina 8% 3% 89% 765
North Dakota 2% 7% 91% 265
Ohio 4% 7% 89% 857
Oklahoma 6% 3% 91% 306
Oregon 8% 11% 81% 229
Pennsylvania 6% 7% 87% 962
Rhode Island 14% 14% 72% 206
South Carolina 5% 5% 90% 384
South Dakota 3% 5% 92% 230
Tennessee 5% 4% 91% 524
Texas 21% 11% 68% 1,894
Utah 9% 7% 85% 236
Vermont 2% 13% 85% 153
Virginia 12% 6% 81% 609
Washington 14% 10% 76% 414
West Virginia 2% 2% 96% 248
Wisconsin 6% 6% 88% 416
Wyoming 3% 8% 89% 233

Income distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

State Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 376. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 41% 22% 23% 14% 376
Alaska 29% 26% 27% 18% 150
Arizona 38% 20% 29% 13% 396
Arkansas 45% 18% 24% 13% 229
California 41% 19% 22% 18% 1,900
Colorado 29% 18% 29% 25% 254
Connecticut 32% 19% 25% 24% 203
Delaware 27% 24% 30% 19% 194
District of Columbia 36% 21% 26% 17% 152
Florida 41% 23% 22% 14% 1,169
Georgia 37% 21% 25% 16% 662
Hawaii 37% 22% 21% 20% 165
Idaho 30% 28% 27% 14% 206
Illinois 34% 20% 29% 17% 790
Indiana 39% 21% 28% 12% 430
Iowa 29% 23% 34% 14% 215
Kansas 32% 27% 28% 13% 208
Kentucky 49% 15% 25% 11% 308
Louisiana 45% 16% 25% 15% 317
Maine 41% 25% 28% 7% 144
Maryland 23% 20% 34% 23% 357
Massachusetts 32% 18% 28% 22% 304
Michigan 39% 21% 29% 11% 613
Minnesota 27% 19% 31% 22% 357
Mississippi 49% 21% 18% 11% 234
Missouri 36% 29% 23% 12% 442
Montana 27% 24% 33% 16% 186
Nebraska 30% 24% 27% 19% 212
Nevada 36% 30% 22% 12% 177
New Hampshire 33% 17% 29% 21% 127
New Jersey 31% 19% 25% 25% 515
New Mexico 42% 22% 26% 9% 172
New York 39% 18% 27% 16% 1,035
North Carolina 41% 20% 26% 14% 674
North Dakota 25% 22% 33% 20% 241
Ohio 41% 21% 27% 11% 767
Oklahoma 37% 23% 27% 12% 264
Oregon 40% 24% 25% 11% 203
Pennsylvania 37% 23% 24% 16% 835
Rhode Island 33% 20% 34% 13% 171
South Carolina 39% 21% 29% 11% 326
South Dakota 24% 30% 30% 16% 208
Tennessee 40% 23% 22% 15% 463
Texas 41% 19% 24% 16% 1,662
Utah 27% 21% 33% 19% 213
Vermont 33% 28% 30% 10% 140
Virginia 27% 24% 30% 19% 547
Washington 35% 24% 23% 18% 373
West Virginia 40% 20% 31% 9% 217
Wisconsin 31% 21% 34% 15% 364
Wyoming 27% 33% 27% 13% 217

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have completed…

State High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 425. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 48% 33% 12% 7% 425
Alaska 46% 34% 13% 7% 175
Arizona 43% 34% 13% 9% 447
Arkansas 51% 32% 13% 4% 255
California 45% 33% 14% 8% 2,198
Colorado 34% 36% 19% 11% 288
Connecticut 45% 29% 15% 12% 234
Delaware 46% 32% 12% 10% 224
District of Columbia 39% 25% 23% 14% 174
Florida 45% 34% 13% 8% 1,355
Georgia 46% 30% 14% 11% 742
Hawaii 40% 35% 18% 7% 185
Idaho 40% 38% 14% 8% 221
Illinois 42% 32% 17% 9% 922
Indiana 48% 33% 13% 6% 495
Iowa 40% 36% 15% 9% 240
Kansas 40% 36% 14% 9% 230
Kentucky 53% 30% 10% 7% 350
Louisiana 51% 30% 13% 5% 366
Maine 47% 32% 17% 3% 177
Maryland 40% 28% 17% 15% 415
Massachusetts 43% 27% 18% 12% 366
Michigan 43% 36% 13% 8% 701
Minnesota 36% 33% 22% 9% 409
Mississippi 47% 35% 14% 4% 269
Missouri 45% 34% 14% 7% 489
Montana 39% 40% 14% 7% 204
Nebraska 36% 37% 18% 10% 241
Nevada 52% 28% 11% 9% 202
New Hampshire 41% 31% 15% 13% 162
New Jersey 44% 26% 17% 14% 600
New Mexico 47% 32% 16% 5% 199
New York 45% 29% 15% 10% 1,241
North Carolina 44% 35% 13% 9% 772
North Dakota 35% 37% 20% 8% 267
Ohio 48% 30% 14% 8% 860
Oklahoma 47% 34% 13% 6% 309
Oregon 41% 40% 13% 6% 228
Pennsylvania 49% 28% 14% 9% 974
Rhode Island 46% 27% 16% 11% 206
South Carolina 49% 30% 13% 7% 386
South Dakota 43% 33% 16% 8% 231
Tennessee 50% 28% 12% 9% 526
Texas 46% 31% 15% 8% 1,909
Utah 33% 39% 19% 9% 238
Vermont 46% 26% 16% 12% 153
Virginia 39% 34% 17% 10% 619
Washington 37% 40% 17% 7% 418
West Virginia 58% 28% 10% 5% 248
Wisconsin 41% 37% 17% 5% 421
Wyoming 38% 37% 18% 6% 236

Marital status among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

State Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 425. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 51% 2% 21% 7% 20% 425
Alaska 48% 10% 8% 4% 29% 176
Arizona 47% 8% 16% 6% 23% 447
Arkansas 51% 5% 15% 12% 18% 255
California 45% 9% 13% 6% 26% 2,201
Colorado 59% 10% 8% 5% 18% 290
Connecticut 45% 7% 14% 6% 28% 235
Delaware 53% 8% 10% 8% 20% 224
District of Columbia 25% 9% 13% 9% 43% 177
Florida 46% 7% 16% 8% 23% 1,360
Georgia 49% 4% 15% 8% 25% 746
Hawaii 42% 8% 13% 6% 30% 185
Idaho 63% 4% 17% 6% 10% 221
Illinois 47% 7% 12% 7% 28% 924
Indiana 45% 4% 14% 10% 27% 493
Iowa 56% 8% 8% 7% 21% 241
Kansas 53% 7% 13% 6% 20% 231
Kentucky 52% 4% 15% 9% 20% 354
Louisiana 47% 5% 15% 8% 25% 366
Maine 48% 13% 16% 7% 16% 177
Maryland 45% 4% 11% 9% 31% 416
Massachusetts 45% 9% 14% 8% 24% 365
Michigan 52% 7% 11% 8% 23% 702
Minnesota 54% 6% 9% 8% 23% 411
Mississippi 43% 4% 17% 9% 26% 268
Missouri 48% 8% 11% 10% 23% 488
Montana 58% 7% 9% 6% 20% 204
Nebraska 54% 5% 14% 6% 21% 241
Nevada 46% 9% 16% 7% 22% 202
New Hampshire 54% 9% 7% 6% 24% 164
New Jersey 48% 8% 14% 7% 23% 603
New Mexico 47% 7% 20% 6% 20% 198
New York 46% 5% 12% 8% 28% 1,240
North Carolina 51% 6% 12% 6% 25% 773
North Dakota 51% 3% 14% 10% 22% 266
Ohio 48% 6% 13% 8% 25% 860
Oklahoma 55% 6% 14% 8% 17% 309
Oregon 51% 4% 16% 8% 21% 228
Pennsylvania 52% 7% 9% 9% 23% 972
Rhode Island 42% 9% 17% 13% 20% 206
South Carolina 47% 9% 16% 7% 21% 384
South Dakota 49% 9% 11% 7% 25% 233
Tennessee 54% 7% 11% 7% 21% 528
Texas 51% 6% 14% 7% 22% 1,910
Utah 56% 12% 7% 3% 22% 237
Vermont 57% 11% 8% 9% 15% 153
Virginia 52% 6% 13% 8% 21% 620
Washington 51% 7% 12% 8% 22% 417
West Virginia 51% 8% 17% 9% 14% 250
Wisconsin 58% 3% 11% 7% 21% 422
Wyoming 56% 6% 15% 5% 17% 236

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

State Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 426. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 29% 71% 426
Alaska 35% 65% 175
Arizona 30% 70% 447
Arkansas 33% 67% 258
California 33% 67% 2,205
Colorado 32% 68% 290
Connecticut 24% 76% 235
Delaware 35% 65% 224
District of Columbia 24% 76% 178
Florida 28% 72% 1,361
Georgia 32% 68% 745
Hawaii 31% 69% 186
Idaho 34% 66% 218
Illinois 27% 73% 927
Indiana 28% 72% 495
Iowa 33% 67% 241
Kansas 38% 62% 229
Kentucky 27% 73% 354
Louisiana 36% 64% 365
Maine 24% 76% 177
Maryland 23% 77% 415
Massachusetts 27% 73% 367
Michigan 30% 70% 704
Minnesota 28% 72% 411
Mississippi 30% 70% 268
Missouri 32% 68% 485
Montana 22% 78% 203
Nebraska 30% 70% 241
Nevada 30% 70% 201
New Hampshire 24% 76% 162
New Jersey 32% 68% 600
New Mexico 29% 71% 199
New York 27% 73% 1,247
North Carolina 29% 71% 771
North Dakota 26% 74% 267
Ohio 30% 70% 860
Oklahoma 29% 71% 310
Oregon 32% 68% 228
Pennsylvania 28% 72% 973
Rhode Island 24% 76% 207
South Carolina 29% 71% 385
South Dakota 29% 71% 233
Tennessee 33% 67% 530
Texas 36% 64% 1,908
Utah 38% 62% 236
Vermont 21% 79% 155
Virginia 30% 70% 619
Washington 27% 73% 418
West Virginia 25% 75% 251
Wisconsin 32% 68% 420
Wyoming 33% 67% 234

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

State Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 87% 11% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 428
Alaska 70% 24% 3% 1% 1% 1% 176
Arizona 74% 20% 4% < 1% 2% 1% 448
Arkansas 84% 14% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 258
California 68% 24% 5% 1% 1% < 1% 2,213
Colorado 73% 21% 3% 1% < 1% 2% 291
Connecticut 67% 27% 3% 1% 1% < 1% 237
Delaware 72% 23% 4% 1% 1% < 1% 224
District of Columbia 70% 23% 4% 1% 1% 1% 181
Florida 78% 17% 3% 1% 1% < 1% 1,367
Georgia 85% 12% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 747
Hawaii 75% 19% 4% 1% < 1% < 1% 186
Idaho 79% 17% 2% < 1% < 1% 2% 221
Illinois 74% 22% 3% < 1% < 1% 1% 929
Indiana 73% 20% 3% 1% 2% 1% 496
Iowa 79% 14% 4% 2% < 1% < 1% 241
Kansas 74% 23% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 231
Kentucky 86% 11% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 355
Louisiana 86% 12% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 367
Maine 66% 30% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 177
Maryland 80% 17% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 416
Massachusetts 61% 28% 6% 2% 2% 2% 368
Michigan 75% 21% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 707
Minnesota 66% 30% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 411
Mississippi 86% 9% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 269
Missouri 79% 15% 4% < 1% < 1% 1% 489
Montana 80% 16% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 204
Nebraska 77% 20% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 242
Nevada 74% 19% 4% 1% 1% 1% 202
New Hampshire 62% 32% 4% 1% < 1% < 1% 164
New Jersey 75% 22% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 606
New Mexico 77% 20% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 199
New York 71% 22% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 83% 14% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 774
North Dakota 72% 23% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 267
Ohio 77% 18% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 862
Oklahoma 82% 17% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 310
Oregon 78% 19% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 74% 21% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 977
Rhode Island 81% 16% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 207
South Carolina 82% 15% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 386
South Dakota 78% 21% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 233
Tennessee 85% 13% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 531
Texas 79% 18% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 1,918
Utah 75% 17% 5% 1% 1% 1% 238
Vermont 59% 33% 6% < 1% 1% 1% 155
Virginia 79% 17% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 622
Washington 73% 21% 4% < 1% < 1% 1% 419
West Virginia 87% 12% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 251
Wisconsin 69% 25% 4% 1% < 1% 1% 423
Wyoming 79% 16% 4% 1% < 1% 1% 236

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

State Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 84% 12% 3% 1% < 1% 428
Alaska 55% 30% 9% 5% 1% 176
Arizona 62% 25% 10% 3% < 1% 448
Arkansas 76% 16% 5% 3% < 1% 258
California 61% 28% 7% 3% 1% 2,213
Colorado 59% 31% 9% 2% < 1% 291
Connecticut 53% 30% 13% 5% < 1% 237
Delaware 54% 36% 6% 2% 1% 224
District of Columbia 66% 25% 5% 3% < 1% 181
Florida 65% 25% 6% 3% < 1% 1,367
Georgia 75% 20% 4% 1% 1% 747
Hawaii 54% 35% 8% 2% 1% 186
Idaho 62% 29% 8% 1% < 1% 221
Illinois 61% 29% 8% 2% < 1% 929
Indiana 60% 28% 9% 3% < 1% 496
Iowa 66% 24% 8% 3% < 1% 241
Kansas 58% 31% 8% 3% < 1% 231
Kentucky 71% 24% 4% 1% < 1% 355
Louisiana 79% 19% 1% < 1% < 1% 367
Maine 47% 37% 6% 9% 1% 177
Maryland 64% 26% 7% 3% 1% 416
Massachusetts 51% 35% 8% 4% < 1% 368
Michigan 59% 29% 9% 3% 1% 707
Minnesota 56% 32% 8% 4% < 1% 411
Mississippi 79% 15% 3% 1% 1% 269
Missouri 63% 29% 6% 2% < 1% 489
Montana 57% 27% 13% 4% < 1% 204
Nebraska 63% 28% 7% 1% 1% 242
Nevada 57% 32% 8% 3% < 1% 202
New Hampshire 45% 29% 22% 3% < 1% 164
New Jersey 64% 28% 6% 2% < 1% 606
New Mexico 74% 18% 3% 4% 1% 199
New York 58% 29% 7% 5% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 71% 23% 4% 2% < 1% 774
North Dakota 61% 24% 13% 2% < 1% 267
Ohio 65% 27% 5% 2% < 1% 862
Oklahoma 74% 22% 2% 1% 1% 310
Oregon 62% 27% 8% 1% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 62% 26% 7% 4% < 1% 977
Rhode Island 67% 23% 8% 2% < 1% 207
South Carolina 77% 16% 5% 1% 1% 386
South Dakota 67% 27% 5% 2% < 1% 233
Tennessee 79% 17% 3% 1% 1% 531
Texas 71% 22% 4% 2% < 1% 1,918
Utah 72% 16% 9% 1% 1% 238
Vermont 47% 31% 17% 4% 1% 155
Virginia 72% 21% 4% 2% 1% 622
Washington 59% 28% 9% 4% < 1% 419
West Virginia 72% 23% 4% 1% < 1% 251
Wisconsin 55% 34% 8% 3% 1% 423
Wyoming 59% 31% 7% 3% < 1% 236

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 54% 33% 13% < 1% 428
Alaska 41% 35% 24% < 1% 176
Arizona 42% 33% 24% 1% 448
Arkansas 43% 36% 21% < 1% 258
California 40% 38% 21% < 1% 2,213
Colorado 37% 39% 24% < 1% 291
Connecticut 36% 39% 26% < 1% 237
Delaware 41% 34% 25% 1% 224
District of Columbia 39% 35% 26% 1% 181
Florida 43% 35% 21% < 1% 1,367
Georgia 48% 36% 15% 1% 747
Hawaii 35% 40% 25% < 1% 186
Idaho 46% 30% 23% < 1% 221
Illinois 42% 35% 23% 1% 929
Indiana 42% 34% 23% 1% 496
Iowa 43% 35% 21% < 1% 241
Kansas 42% 38% 20% < 1% 231
Kentucky 44% 33% 22% 1% 355
Louisiana 52% 35% 12% < 1% 367
Maine 29% 37% 33% 1% 177
Maryland 40% 38% 21% < 1% 416
Massachusetts 35% 38% 28% < 1% 368
Michigan 39% 36% 25% < 1% 707
Minnesota 41% 42% 17% < 1% 411
Mississippi 50% 34% 15% 1% 269
Missouri 42% 36% 21% 1% 489
Montana 41% 35% 25% < 1% 204
Nebraska 45% 33% 22% < 1% 242
Nevada 40% 39% 20% 1% 202
New Hampshire 33% 32% 35% 1% 164
New Jersey 45% 39% 16% < 1% 606
New Mexico 48% 31% 21% < 1% 199
New York 38% 37% 24% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 44% 39% 16% 1% 774
North Dakota 36% 38% 26% 1% 267
Ohio 43% 33% 23% 1% 862
Oklahoma 50% 34% 16% < 1% 310
Oregon 40% 40% 19% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 40% 39% 20% 1% 977
Rhode Island 48% 30% 21% < 1% 207
South Carolina 51% 35% 13% 1% 386
South Dakota 41% 41% 18% < 1% 233
Tennessee 55% 25% 19% 1% 531
Texas 47% 34% 18% < 1% 1,918
Utah 66% 19% 13% 2% 238
Vermont 30% 37% 33% < 1% 155
Virginia 53% 33% 14% 1% 622
Washington 40% 35% 24% 1% 419
West Virginia 52% 33% 13% 1% 251
Wisconsin 34% 45% 20% < 1% 423
Wyoming 41% 36% 21% 2% 236

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who pray…

State At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 78% 12% 4% 5% < 1% 428
Alaska 61% 15% 10% 13% < 1% 176
Arizona 67% 19% 3% 11% < 1% 448
Arkansas 70% 17% 4% 8% 1% 258
California 65% 15% 6% 13% < 1% 2,213
Colorado 65% 16% 6% 12% 1% 291
Connecticut 57% 18% 13% 10% 1% 237
Delaware 57% 20% 6% 15% 2% 224
District of Columbia 69% 21% 5% 5% 1% 181
Florida 69% 16% 6% 9% 1% 1,367
Georgia 74% 15% 4% 7% 1% 747
Hawaii 63% 16% 3% 17% < 1% 186
Idaho 60% 17% 6% 15% 1% 221
Illinois 61% 21% 7% 10% 1% 929
Indiana 60% 24% 4% 12% < 1% 496
Iowa 58% 25% 6% 11% 1% 241
Kansas 62% 24% 7% 7% < 1% 231
Kentucky 72% 14% 5% 9% < 1% 355
Louisiana 75% 16% 3% 6% < 1% 367
Maine 44% 23% 6% 27% 1% 177
Maryland 63% 23% 4% 10% 1% 416
Massachusetts 54% 20% 8% 16% 1% 368
Michigan 60% 20% 7% 12% 1% 707
Minnesota 56% 23% 7% 14% < 1% 411
Mississippi 80% 10% 5% 4% 2% 269
Missouri 64% 18% 5% 12% 1% 489
Montana 61% 24% 7% 7% 1% 204
Nebraska 60% 22% 5% 11% 1% 242
Nevada 60% 22% 6% 12% < 1% 202
New Hampshire 51% 23% 9% 15% 2% 164
New Jersey 67% 17% 6% 9% < 1% 606
New Mexico 67% 17% 3% 11% 1% 199
New York 59% 17% 8% 15% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 73% 16% 4% 6% 1% 774
North Dakota 59% 17% 10% 13% < 1% 267
Ohio 65% 18% 7% 9% 1% 862
Oklahoma 74% 19% 3% 4% < 1% 310
Oregon 61% 18% 4% 16% < 1% 229
Pennsylvania 64% 18% 6% 11% < 1% 977
Rhode Island 68% 14% 7% 11% < 1% 207
South Carolina 74% 15% 4% 5% 1% 386
South Dakota 63% 18% 8% 11% < 1% 233
Tennessee 78% 16% 2% 4% 1% 531
Texas 70% 16% 5% 8% 1% 1,918
Utah 73% 12% 4% 10% 1% 238
Vermont 46% 19% 10% 24% 1% 155
Virginia 70% 17% 4% 8% 1% 622
Washington 61% 15% 9% 15% < 1% 419
West Virginia 76% 14% 4% 6% < 1% 251
Wisconsin 55% 24% 7% 13% 2% 423
Wyoming 60% 21% 6% 12% 1% 236

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 43% 10% 12% 34% 1% 428
Alaska 24% 5% 12% 59% < 1% 176
Arizona 28% 11% 9% 51% < 1% 448
Arkansas 31% 17% 10% 41% < 1% 258
California 27% 12% 10% 50% < 1% 2,213
Colorado 24% 11% 12% 52% 1% 291
Connecticut 18% 8% 8% 65% < 1% 237
Delaware 21% 15% 10% 53% 1% 224
District of Columbia 29% 12% 9% 48% 1% 181
Florida 30% 9% 10% 50% 1% 1,367
Georgia 35% 14% 10% 40% < 1% 747
Hawaii 31% 11% 13% 45% < 1% 186
Idaho 37% 5% 7% 51% 1% 221
Illinois 23% 11% 9% 56% < 1% 929
Indiana 31% 11% 10% 49% < 1% 496
Iowa 26% 7% 14% 52% 1% 241
Kansas 31% 9% 11% 49% < 1% 231
Kentucky 31% 9% 14% 46% < 1% 355
Louisiana 37% 15% 9% 38% < 1% 367
Maine 14% 4% 6% 76% < 1% 177
Maryland 29% 10% 11% 50% < 1% 416
Massachusetts 17% 12% 6% 64% 1% 368
Michigan 23% 12% 8% 55% 1% 707
Minnesota 19% 10% 9% 61% < 1% 411
Mississippi 44% 13% 12% 30% 1% 269
Missouri 25% 10% 9% 56% < 1% 489
Montana 23% 6% 12% 59% < 1% 204
Nebraska 23% 12% 13% 51% 1% 242
Nevada 26% 15% 8% 50% 1% 202
New Hampshire 13% 8% 13% 66% 1% 164
New Jersey 25% 10% 11% 53% 1% 606
New Mexico 32% 17% 4% 47% < 1% 199
New York 22% 9% 8% 60% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 34% 12% 11% 43% < 1% 774
North Dakota 21% 10% 11% 58% < 1% 267
Ohio 29% 9% 8% 53% 1% 862
Oklahoma 41% 11% 9% 39% < 1% 310
Oregon 29% 10% 10% 51% < 1% 229
Pennsylvania 26% 8% 10% 56% < 1% 977
Rhode Island 24% 4% 11% 61% < 1% 207
South Carolina 38% 14% 10% 37% 1% 386
South Dakota 20% 7% 13% 60% < 1% 233
Tennessee 42% 12% 10% 35% 1% 531
Texas 34% 13% 9% 43% 1% 1,918
Utah 57% 8% 6% 28% 1% 238
Vermont 12% 11% 8% 69% < 1% 155
Virginia 34% 14% 6% 45% 1% 622
Washington 30% 11% 8% 51% < 1% 419
West Virginia 41% 15% 9% 35% 1% 251
Wisconsin 18% 10% 12% 59% 2% 423
Wyoming 30% 6% 10% 53% < 1% 236

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who meditate…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 47% 7% 3% 42% < 1% 428
Alaska 38% 9% 6% 46% 2% 176
Arizona 45% 7% 5% 42% 2% 448
Arkansas 40% 5% 5% 49% 2% 258
California 45% 9% 4% 40% 2% 2,213
Colorado 39% 11% 4% 45% 1% 291
Connecticut 42% 13% 4% 39% 1% 237
Delaware 38% 6% 3% 50% 3% 224
District of Columbia 48% 6% 3% 42% 1% 181
Florida 46% 9% 3% 41% 2% 1,367
Georgia 48% 9% 1% 39% 3% 747
Hawaii 44% 8% 5% 40% 2% 186
Idaho 45% 10% 4% 40% 1% 221
Illinois 43% 8% 5% 43% 1% 929
Indiana 35% 7% 3% 53% 1% 496
Iowa 38% 5% 4% 52% 2% 241
Kansas 38% 8% 3% 49% 1% 231
Kentucky 41% 9% 4% 46% 1% 355
Louisiana 49% 6% 3% 41% 1% 367
Maine 35% 10% 3% 52% < 1% 177
Maryland 40% 9% 5% 45% 1% 416
Massachusetts 38% 11% 7% 43% < 1% 368
Michigan 39% 7% 3% 49% 1% 707
Minnesota 36% 8% 3% 53% < 1% 411
Mississippi 48% 10% 2% 35% 4% 269
Missouri 36% 9% 3% 51% 1% 489
Montana 30% 11% 4% 53% 3% 204
Nebraska 39% 7% 2% 49% 2% 242
Nevada 42% 10% 7% 39% 2% 202
New Hampshire 36% 7% 7% 49% 1% 164
New Jersey 42% 8% 4% 45% 1% 606
New Mexico 48% 12% 3% 36% 1% 199
New York 41% 9% 4% 44% 2% 1,249
North Carolina 48% 8% 3% 40% 1% 774
North Dakota 32% 6% 3% 57% 1% 267
Ohio 40% 8% 4% 46% 2% 862
Oklahoma 48% 6% 3% 42% 1% 310
Oregon 42% 8% 4% 43% 3% 229
Pennsylvania 40% 8% 4% 47% 1% 977
Rhode Island 50% 9% 3% 37% 1% 207
South Carolina 50% 5% 4% 38% 2% 386
South Dakota 33% 9% 3% 53% 1% 233
Tennessee 45% 6% 3% 44% 2% 531
Texas 48% 7% 4% 39% 2% 1,918
Utah 52% 15% 2% 29% 2% 238
Vermont 30% 7% 3% 58% 2% 155
Virginia 43% 10% 6% 39% 2% 622
Washington 44% 8% 3% 43% 2% 419
West Virginia 39% 6% 5% 48% 2% 251
Wisconsin 31% 7% 6% 55% 1% 423
Wyoming 40% 7% 2% 50% 1% 236

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 72% 14% 5% 7% 2% 428
Alaska 61% 22% 9% 7% < 1% 176
Arizona 65% 15% 7% 12% 2% 448
Arkansas 67% 13% 8% 11% 1% 258
California 62% 15% 10% 11% 1% 2,213
Colorado 57% 15% 16% 11% 1% 291
Connecticut 52% 15% 14% 19% 1% 237
Delaware 54% 20% 10% 14% 2% 224
District of Columbia 61% 14% 15% 8% 2% 181
Florida 68% 13% 8% 10% 1% 1,367
Georgia 72% 12% 7% 7% 2% 747
Hawaii 61% 15% 11% 13% 1% 186
Idaho 70% 9% 9% 12% < 1% 221
Illinois 59% 16% 9% 15% 1% 929
Indiana 61% 16% 8% 13% 1% 496
Iowa 61% 16% 9% 12% 2% 241
Kansas 67% 17% 10% 6% < 1% 231
Kentucky 65% 13% 7% 13% 2% 355
Louisiana 70% 13% 6% 10% 1% 367
Maine 53% 15% 10% 18% 4% 177
Maryland 61% 20% 10% 9% 1% 416
Massachusetts 53% 19% 10% 17% 1% 368
Michigan 59% 17% 10% 12% 1% 707
Minnesota 57% 19% 10% 13% < 1% 411
Mississippi 71% 11% 6% 10% 2% 269
Missouri 62% 14% 10% 14% 1% 489
Montana 56% 23% 10% 9% 2% 204
Nebraska 62% 17% 8% 12% 1% 242
Nevada 67% 13% 7% 12% < 1% 202
New Hampshire 53% 15% 8% 24% < 1% 164
New Jersey 65% 15% 7% 11% 1% 606
New Mexico 65% 19% 6% 10% < 1% 199
New York 57% 16% 10% 15% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 69% 14% 9% 8% 1% 774
North Dakota 57% 18% 10% 15% < 1% 267
Ohio 61% 14% 13% 11% 1% 862
Oklahoma 68% 15% 4% 12% 1% 310
Oregon 64% 17% 7% 11% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 58% 17% 12% 12% 1% 977
Rhode Island 70% 11% 9% 9% < 1% 207
South Carolina 72% 13% 7% 8% 1% 386
South Dakota 64% 17% 8% 11% 1% 233
Tennessee 73% 12% 6% 8% 1% 531
Texas 67% 12% 9% 10% 2% 1,918
Utah 76% 10% 8% 5% 1% 238
Vermont 50% 16% 13% 19% 1% 155
Virginia 68% 15% 8% 9% 1% 622
Washington 63% 12% 10% 13% 2% 419
West Virginia 74% 13% 5% 7% 2% 251
Wisconsin 56% 18% 10% 16% < 1% 423
Wyoming 59% 12% 9% 17% 2% 236

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 41% 13% 10% 34% 2% 428
Alaska 47% 10% 16% 25% 2% 176
Arizona 53% 13% 11% 22% 2% 448
Arkansas 43% 15% 11% 31% < 1% 258
California 46% 14% 14% 24% 2% 2,213
Colorado 42% 18% 15% 24% 1% 291
Connecticut 38% 18% 13% 30% 1% 237
Delaware 35% 20% 13% 31% 1% 224
District of Columbia 46% 13% 14% 24% 1% 181
Florida 45% 15% 11% 26% 2% 1,367
Georgia 44% 15% 10% 29% 2% 747
Hawaii 41% 21% 13% 24% 2% 186
Idaho 43% 16% 13% 28% < 1% 221
Illinois 41% 16% 14% 26% 2% 929
Indiana 41% 16% 14% 28% 1% 496
Iowa 38% 17% 18% 24% 2% 241
Kansas 40% 17% 14% 27% 2% 231
Kentucky 40% 12% 11% 34% 2% 355
Louisiana 40% 15% 15% 28% 2% 367
Maine 35% 19% 10% 35% 1% 177
Maryland 43% 13% 15% 27% 1% 416
Massachusetts 43% 14% 16% 26% 2% 368
Michigan 39% 17% 14% 28% 2% 707
Minnesota 37% 18% 14% 31% < 1% 411
Mississippi 43% 12% 12% 31% 1% 269
Missouri 43% 17% 11% 27% 2% 489
Montana 44% 14% 15% 24% 3% 204
Nebraska 40% 20% 12% 27% 2% 242
Nevada 51% 17% 12% 19% 1% 202
New Hampshire 35% 17% 13% 35% 1% 164
New Jersey 43% 16% 13% 27% 1% 606
New Mexico 48% 12% 10% 27% 3% 199
New York 46% 14% 12% 26% 2% 1,249
North Carolina 44% 19% 13% 24% 1% 774
North Dakota 39% 14% 16% 30% 1% 267
Ohio 41% 17% 14% 26% 2% 862
Oklahoma 41% 16% 12% 30% < 1% 310
Oregon 48% 17% 13% 21% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 43% 19% 12% 25% 1% 977
Rhode Island 36% 22% 14% 27% 1% 207
South Carolina 45% 15% 12% 26% 2% 386
South Dakota 40% 16% 11% 32% < 1% 233
Tennessee 46% 16% 10% 25% 2% 531
Texas 46% 17% 12% 24% 2% 1,918
Utah 50% 27% 11% 11% < 1% 238
Vermont 43% 10% 14% 31% 2% 155
Virginia 47% 16% 12% 23% 2% 622
Washington 49% 15% 13% 22% 1% 419
West Virginia 46% 19% 8% 27% 1% 251
Wisconsin 37% 19% 16% 28% 1% 423
Wyoming 40% 21% 6% 32% 1% 236

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

State Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 55% 3% 37% 2% 3% 428
Alaska 40% 6% 44% 6% 4% 176
Arizona 39% 7% 42% 8% 3% 448
Arkansas 51% 7% 38% 3% 1% 258
California 39% 9% 41% 8% 3% 2,213
Colorado 39% 8% 44% 6% 3% 291
Connecticut 26% 14% 50% 11% < 1% 237
Delaware 36% 6% 51% 5% 2% 224
District of Columbia 36% 11% 44% 5% 4% 181
Florida 39% 8% 45% 5% 2% 1,367
Georgia 52% 6% 36% 5% 2% 747
Hawaii 28% 13% 49% 8% 3% 186
Idaho 44% 6% 45% 3% 2% 221
Illinois 34% 9% 46% 9% 2% 929
Indiana 41% 7% 42% 7% 3% 496
Iowa 40% 8% 44% 5% 3% 241
Kansas 44% 7% 45% 3% 2% 231
Kentucky 46% 7% 42% 3% 3% 355
Louisiana 47% 8% 40% 3% 2% 367
Maine 27% 11% 54% 7% 1% 177
Maryland 43% 5% 41% 7% 3% 416
Massachusetts 24% 8% 57% 9% 1% 368
Michigan 37% 7% 47% 6% 3% 707
Minnesota 30% 10% 51% 7% 2% 411
Mississippi 53% 7% 32% 6% 2% 269
Missouri 42% 8% 41% 5% 4% 489
Montana 36% 8% 48% 4% 3% 204
Nebraska 41% 6% 46% 5% 2% 242
Nevada 33% 7% 45% 12% 3% 202
New Hampshire 23% 12% 58% 6% 2% 164
New Jersey 35% 7% 46% 8% 3% 606
New Mexico 51% 7% 32% 6% 5% 199
New York 32% 11% 49% 6% 2% 1,249
North Carolina 46% 8% 39% 4% 2% 774
North Dakota 35% 5% 52% 6% 2% 267
Ohio 38% 8% 46% 5% 3% 862
Oklahoma 44% 6% 45% 3% 2% 310
Oregon 43% 6% 44% 4% 2% 229
Pennsylvania 40% 7% 44% 7% 3% 977
Rhode Island 39% 6% 47% 5% 3% 207
South Carolina 52% 5% 37% 3% 3% 386
South Dakota 39% 10% 44% 6% 1% 233
Tennessee 50% 5% 38% 4% 3% 531
Texas 47% 7% 37% 7% 2% 1,918
Utah 53% 5% 33% 6% 3% 238
Vermont 26% 11% 56% 5% 2% 155
Virginia 45% 7% 41% 5% 2% 622
Washington 40% 12% 40% 5% 2% 419
West Virginia 56% 2% 38% 2% 2% 251
Wisconsin 39% 9% 44% 6% 2% 423
Wyoming 42% 7% 41% 5% 6% 236

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

State There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 43% 56% 1% 1% 428
Alaska 37% 60% 2% 2% 176
Arizona 41% 53% 2% 4% 448
Arkansas 39% 59% 1% < 1% 258
California 32% 65% 2% 2% 2,213
Colorado 45% 54% 1% 1% 291
Connecticut 33% 64% 2% 1% 237
Delaware 34% 65% < 1% 1% 224
District of Columbia 26% 70% 3% 2% 181
Florida 35% 63% 1% 1% 1,367
Georgia 41% 57% 1% 1% 747
Hawaii 34% 64% 1% 1% 186
Idaho 44% 55% 1% < 1% 221
Illinois 33% 65% 1% 1% 929
Indiana 37% 61% 1% 1% 496
Iowa 34% 66% < 1% < 1% 241
Kansas 36% 64% < 1% < 1% 231
Kentucky 42% 54% 3% 1% 355
Louisiana 40% 58% 1% 1% 367
Maine 33% 65% 1% 2% 177
Maryland 34% 63% 1% 1% 416
Massachusetts 29% 67% 3% 1% 368
Michigan 39% 58% 2% 1% 707
Minnesota 35% 64% 1% 1% 411
Mississippi 39% 59% 1% 2% 269
Missouri 38% 62% 1% < 1% 489
Montana 45% 54% 1% 1% 204
Nebraska 44% 56% < 1% 1% 242
Nevada 37% 62% < 1% 1% 202
New Hampshire 34% 65% 2% < 1% 164
New Jersey 30% 68% 1% 1% 606
New Mexico 39% 54% 3% 3% 199
New York 28% 69% 1% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 39% 59% 1% 1% 774
North Dakota 44% 55% < 1% 1% 267
Ohio 33% 65% 1% 1% 862
Oklahoma 37% 61% 1% 1% 310
Oregon 47% 52% 1% < 1% 229
Pennsylvania 39% 59% 1% 1% 977
Rhode Island 37% 60% 2% 2% 207
South Carolina 40% 57% 2% 1% 386
South Dakota 42% 56% 1% 1% 233
Tennessee 42% 55% 2% 1% 531
Texas 37% 60% 2% 1% 1,918
Utah 46% 52% 2% < 1% 238
Vermont 32% 64% 1% 3% 155
Virginia 40% 58% 1% 1% 622
Washington 41% 57% 1% 1% 419
West Virginia 46% 51% 1% 2% 251
Wisconsin 33% 65% 1% < 1% 423
Wyoming 46% 53% < 1% 1% 236

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 59% 14% 8% 18% 1% 428
Alaska 41% 10% 5% 44% < 1% 176
Arizona 43% 9% 9% 38% 1% 448
Arkansas 50% 16% 8% 25% < 1% 258
California 39% 12% 9% 39% 1% 2,213
Colorado 37% 9% 9% 44% < 1% 291
Connecticut 29% 9% 9% 54% < 1% 237
Delaware 32% 19% 5% 42% 2% 224
District of Columbia 39% 14% 11% 36% < 1% 181
Florida 42% 13% 10% 34% 1% 1,367
Georgia 56% 13% 7% 23% < 1% 747
Hawaii 36% 13% 11% 39% < 1% 186
Idaho 47% 10% 10% 33% < 1% 221
Illinois 35% 12% 10% 41% 1% 929
Indiana 41% 9% 10% 40% < 1% 496
Iowa 35% 11% 11% 42% < 1% 241
Kansas 38% 13% 10% 39% < 1% 231
Kentucky 48% 8% 8% 34% 2% 355
Louisiana 53% 12% 7% 26% 1% 367
Maine 27% 8% 6% 59% < 1% 177
Maryland 43% 15% 8% 34% 1% 416
Massachusetts 23% 12% 10% 53% 1% 368
Michigan 38% 11% 9% 41% 1% 707
Minnesota 31% 10% 12% 48% < 1% 411
Mississippi 62% 13% 5% 19% 1% 269
Missouri 42% 13% 8% 36% < 1% 489
Montana 40% 6% 9% 45% < 1% 204
Nebraska 32% 12% 7% 49% 1% 242
Nevada 39% 14% 9% 38% < 1% 202
New Hampshire 27% 9% 8% 56% < 1% 164
New Jersey 35% 11% 9% 45% < 1% 606
New Mexico 50% 14% 5% 31% < 1% 199
New York 34% 10% 9% 45% 1% 1,249
North Carolina 49% 17% 8% 25% 1% 774
North Dakota 26% 16% 11% 47% 1% 267
Ohio 41% 12% 8% 40% < 1% 862
Oklahoma 54% 13% 8% 25% < 1% 310
Oregon 46% 11% 9% 34% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 37% 10% 11% 41% 1% 977
Rhode Island 29% 14% 7% 48% 1% 207
South Carolina 57% 13% 6% 23% 1% 386
South Dakota 32% 11% 11% 46% < 1% 233
Tennessee 61% 11% 7% 20% 2% 531
Texas 48% 13% 9% 30% 1% 1,918
Utah 65% 5% 11% 18% 2% 238
Vermont 27% 9% 6% 59% < 1% 155
Virginia 50% 12% 7% 31% 1% 622
Washington 41% 13% 8% 38% < 1% 419
West Virginia 53% 13% 6% 27% 1% 251
Wisconsin 29% 14% 11% 46% 1% 423
Wyoming 37% 13% 10% 40% 1% 236

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

State Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 57% 27% 5% 8% 3% 428
Alaska 38% 30% 2% 27% 4% 176
Arizona 33% 38% 2% 18% 8% 448
Arkansas 49% 30% 2% 14% 4% 258
California 36% 32% 2% 22% 8% 2,213
Colorado 32% 34% 2% 23% 9% 291
Connecticut 29% 34% 2% 28% 7% 237
Delaware 28% 37% 4% 25% 6% 224
District of Columbia 40% 33% 1% 19% 6% 181
Florida 40% 30% 3% 20% 6% 1,367
Georgia 48% 32% 2% 12% 5% 747
Hawaii 38% 30% 3% 23% 6% 186
Idaho 34% 43% 3% 16% 4% 221
Illinois 32% 39% 3% 20% 6% 929
Indiana 43% 31% 4% 18% 5% 496
Iowa 31% 43% 1% 17% 7% 241
Kansas 32% 44% 3% 17% 4% 231
Kentucky 49% 27% 4% 16% 5% 355
Louisiana 50% 30% 3% 12% 5% 367
Maine 28% 32% 3% 28% 10% 177
Maryland 36% 35% 3% 20% 6% 416
Massachusetts 24% 35% 3% 31% 7% 368
Michigan 35% 36% 3% 20% 6% 707
Minnesota 28% 34% 3% 27% 9% 411
Mississippi 62% 23% 5% 6% 4% 269
Missouri 38% 33% 2% 19% 7% 489
Montana 27% 42% 4% 19% 7% 204
Nebraska 36% 43% 3% 12% 6% 242
Nevada 34% 37% 2% 24% 3% 202
New Hampshire 23% 33% 3% 33% 8% 164
New Jersey 32% 34% 4% 23% 6% 606
New Mexico 46% 27% 3% 16% 8% 199
New York 32% 32% 3% 27% 7% 1,249
North Carolina 42% 31% 4% 15% 7% 774
North Dakota 31% 39% 2% 23% 5% 267
Ohio 38% 36% 3% 17% 7% 862
Oklahoma 41% 35% 3% 16% 6% 310
Oregon 31% 40% 5% 16% 8% 229
Pennsylvania 36% 34% 2% 22% 5% 977
Rhode Island 26% 41% 1% 29% 2% 207
South Carolina 56% 29% 2% 9% 4% 386
South Dakota 34% 43% 2% 9% 12% 233
Tennessee 52% 26% 5% 11% 6% 531
Texas 46% 31% 3% 15% 5% 1,918
Utah 28% 48% 4% 16% 4% 238
Vermont 24% 35% 4% 30% 7% 155
Virginia 46% 27% 4% 17% 6% 622
Washington 32% 38% 4% 19% 8% 419
West Virginia 54% 25% 6% 9% 6% 251
Wisconsin 34% 36% 4% 21% 5% 423
Wyoming 38% 36% 5% 16% 6% 236

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

State Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 82% 12% 5% 428
Alaska 81% 16% 3% 176
Arizona 74% 21% 6% 448
Arkansas 86% 12% 2% 258
California 74% 20% 6% 2,213
Colorado 74% 21% 5% 291
Connecticut 66% 26% 8% 237
Delaware 74% 17% 9% 224
District of Columbia 72% 23% 5% 181
Florida 77% 18% 5% 1,367
Georgia 82% 13% 5% 747
Hawaii 79% 18% 3% 186
Idaho 74% 19% 7% 221
Illinois 74% 19% 6% 929
Indiana 82% 14% 4% 496
Iowa 74% 19% 7% 241
Kansas 79% 16% 5% 231
Kentucky 87% 8% 5% 355
Louisiana 84% 11% 5% 367
Maine 68% 22% 10% 177
Maryland 74% 21% 6% 416
Massachusetts 63% 29% 8% 368
Michigan 78% 18% 4% 707
Minnesota 69% 24% 7% 411
Mississippi 84% 13% 3% 269
Missouri 80% 14% 6% 489
Montana 65% 29% 6% 204
Nebraska 75% 19% 6% 242
Nevada 72% 22% 6% 202
New Hampshire 74% 21% 5% 164
New Jersey 72% 23% 6% 606
New Mexico 76% 18% 6% 199
New York 70% 24% 6% 1,249
North Carolina 84% 12% 5% 774
North Dakota 76% 20% 4% 267
Ohio 77% 18% 5% 862
Oklahoma 81% 14% 4% 310
Oregon 69% 23% 8% 229
Pennsylvania 75% 20% 6% 977
Rhode Island 73% 20% 7% 207
South Carolina 82% 12% 7% 386
South Dakota 75% 16% 9% 233
Tennessee 89% 8% 3% 531
Texas 80% 16% 5% 1,918
Utah 59% 37% 4% 238
Vermont 66% 25% 9% 155
Virginia 80% 15% 5% 622
Washington 70% 23% 6% 419
West Virginia 88% 8% 3% 251
Wisconsin 76% 20% 4% 423
Wyoming 72% 24% 4% 236

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

State Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 51% 13% 36% 428
Alaska 47% 33% 20% 176
Arizona 45% 21% 34% 448
Arkansas 45% 16% 39% 258
California 34% 20% 45% 2,213
Colorado 54% 15% 31% 291
Connecticut 34% 17% 49% 237
Delaware 33% 14% 54% 224
District of Columbia 15% 16% 70% 181
Florida 39% 18% 42% 1,367
Georgia 44% 17% 39% 747
Hawaii 30% 19% 50% 186
Idaho 56% 19% 25% 221
Illinois 37% 18% 45% 929
Indiana 43% 20% 37% 496
Iowa 45% 20% 35% 241
Kansas 49% 21% 30% 231
Kentucky 46% 13% 41% 355
Louisiana 43% 15% 42% 367
Maine 44% 19% 37% 177
Maryland 33% 13% 53% 416
Massachusetts 32% 17% 51% 368
Michigan 39% 19% 43% 707
Minnesota 43% 13% 44% 411
Mississippi 44% 14% 43% 269
Missouri 42% 17% 41% 489
Montana 55% 22% 23% 204
Nebraska 53% 14% 33% 242
Nevada 44% 14% 41% 202
New Hampshire 44% 18% 39% 164
New Jersey 34% 18% 48% 606
New Mexico 43% 15% 42% 199
New York 32% 19% 49% 1,249
North Carolina 44% 14% 43% 774
North Dakota 54% 17% 29% 267
Ohio 45% 16% 39% 862
Oklahoma 49% 16% 35% 310
Oregon 39% 21% 40% 229
Pennsylvania 43% 14% 43% 977
Rhode Island 35% 20% 45% 207
South Carolina 47% 16% 37% 386
South Dakota 54% 10% 37% 233
Tennessee 50% 14% 36% 531
Texas 43% 20% 37% 1,918
Utah 65% 14% 21% 238
Vermont 39% 20% 41% 155
Virginia 45% 18% 36% 622
Washington 42% 25% 33% 419
West Virginia 46% 14% 39% 251
Wisconsin 49% 18% 34% 423
Wyoming 63% 18% 19% 236

Political ideology among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

State Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 53% 29% 10% 8% 428
Alaska 40% 37% 15% 8% 176
Arizona 46% 30% 17% 7% 448
Arkansas 43% 37% 14% 6% 258
California 37% 35% 22% 5% 2,213
Colorado 44% 35% 16% 4% 291
Connecticut 37% 37% 21% 5% 237
Delaware 33% 41% 21% 6% 224
District of Columbia 20% 43% 24% 13% 181
Florida 42% 31% 20% 8% 1,367
Georgia 47% 31% 16% 6% 747
Hawaii 34% 46% 14% 6% 186
Idaho 43% 33% 18% 6% 221
Illinois 36% 36% 22% 6% 929
Indiana 46% 28% 19% 8% 496
Iowa 46% 31% 18% 5% 241
Kansas 40% 33% 26% 2% 231
Kentucky 46% 29% 18% 7% 355
Louisiana 54% 30% 10% 6% 367
Maine 38% 32% 25% 5% 177
Maryland 31% 38% 23% 7% 416
Massachusetts 31% 37% 26% 6% 368
Michigan 40% 32% 19% 8% 707
Minnesota 40% 31% 23% 6% 411
Mississippi 47% 28% 19% 6% 269
Missouri 43% 31% 19% 8% 489
Montana 49% 31% 15% 5% 204
Nebraska 45% 31% 15% 8% 242
Nevada 40% 35% 19% 5% 202
New Hampshire 42% 33% 20% 5% 164
New Jersey 34% 37% 22% 6% 606
New Mexico 42% 33% 17% 7% 199
New York 34% 36% 24% 6% 1,249
North Carolina 45% 32% 19% 4% 774
North Dakota 50% 27% 19% 3% 267
Ohio 44% 32% 18% 6% 862
Oklahoma 43% 38% 13% 6% 310
Oregon 36% 35% 24% 5% 229
Pennsylvania 40% 35% 17% 8% 977
Rhode Island 35% 39% 20% 5% 207
South Carolina 47% 35% 13% 5% 386
South Dakota 51% 34% 9% 6% 233
Tennessee 49% 28% 16% 8% 531
Texas 43% 31% 19% 7% 1,918
Utah 54% 28% 13% 5% 238
Vermont 46% 31% 19% 4% 155
Virginia 43% 36% 16% 5% 622
Washington 39% 35% 19% 6% 419
West Virginia 51% 30% 14% 5% 251
Wisconsin 47% 38% 12% 4% 423
Wyoming 46% 32% 14% 8% 236

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

State Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 56% 39% 3% 2% 428
Alaska 60% 35% 1% 3% 176
Arizona 59% 38% 2% 2% 448
Arkansas 52% 44% < 1% 4% 258
California 44% 50% 3% 3% 2,213
Colorado 60% 35% 3% 3% 291
Connecticut 55% 43% 1% 1% 237
Delaware 49% 44% 4% 3% 224
District of Columbia 20% 73% 4% 3% 181
Florida 47% 46% 4% 4% 1,367
Georgia 50% 44% 3% 4% 747
Hawaii 49% 44% 3% 4% 186
Idaho 67% 28% 1% 3% 221
Illinois 53% 42% 2% 3% 929
Indiana 56% 37% 3% 3% 496
Iowa 62% 34% < 1% 3% 241
Kansas 66% 28% 2% 3% 231
Kentucky 55% 38% 4% 4% 355
Louisiana 52% 43% 2% 3% 367
Maine 62% 29% 3% 6% 177
Maryland 50% 44% 2% 4% 416
Massachusetts 49% 43% 3% 4% 368
Michigan 58% 36% 2% 4% 707
Minnesota 60% 34% 2% 4% 411
Mississippi 50% 44% 3% 4% 269
Missouri 61% 34% 2% 3% 489
Montana 67% 24% 4% 5% 204
Nebraska 71% 26% < 1% 3% 242
Nevada 56% 41% 2% < 1% 202
New Hampshire 66% 30% 1% 2% 164
New Jersey 44% 51% 2% 4% 606
New Mexico 43% 51% 3% 4% 199
New York 42% 53% 2% 3% 1,249
North Carolina 52% 42% 3% 4% 774
North Dakota 69% 27% 2% 3% 267
Ohio 58% 36% 3% 4% 862
Oklahoma 62% 32% 3% 3% 310
Oregon 60% 33% 1% 6% 229
Pennsylvania 58% 36% 2% 4% 977
Rhode Island 53% 39% 2% 5% 207
South Carolina 53% 41% 2% 4% 386
South Dakota 70% 25% 3% 2% 233
Tennessee 57% 36% 2% 5% 531
Texas 47% 46% 3% 4% 1,918
Utah 70% 24% 1% 4% 238
Vermont 52% 40% 2% 6% 155
Virginia 57% 38% 3% 2% 622
Washington 61% 34% 2% 3% 419
West Virginia 59% 32% 5% 4% 251
Wisconsin 66% 29% 3% 2% 423
Wyoming 73% 18% 2% 7% 236

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

State Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 54% 39% 5% 2% 428
Alaska 54% 37% 6% 4% 176
Arizona 55% 38% 5% 2% 448
Arkansas 48% 48% 2% 2% 258
California 43% 52% 4% 2% 2,213
Colorado 51% 45% 2% 2% 291
Connecticut 44% 52% 3% < 1% 237
Delaware 46% 49% 3% 2% 224
District of Columbia 24% 70% 3% 2% 181
Florida 48% 46% 4% 1% 1,367
Georgia 49% 45% 4% 2% 747
Hawaii 43% 52% 5% < 1% 186
Idaho 53% 39% 6% 2% 221
Illinois 47% 48% 4% 2% 929
Indiana 57% 37% 4% 1% 496
Iowa 44% 52% 3% 1% 241
Kansas 50% 44% 6% 1% 231
Kentucky 50% 39% 9% 3% 355
Louisiana 48% 45% 4% 3% 367
Maine 49% 44% 4% 3% 177
Maryland 45% 51% 2% 2% 416
Massachusetts 45% 49% 3% 3% 368
Michigan 48% 46% 4% 2% 707
Minnesota 48% 47% 4% 1% 411
Mississippi 50% 43% 4% 3% 269
Missouri 48% 46% 4% 2% 489
Montana 62% 35% 1% 2% 204
Nebraska 59% 39% 2% 1% 242
Nevada 49% 47% 3% 1% 202
New Hampshire 47% 49% 4% < 1% 164
New Jersey 40% 55% 3% 3% 606
New Mexico 44% 48% 2% 6% 199
New York 42% 52% 4% 2% 1,249
North Carolina 45% 49% 5% 2% 774
North Dakota 59% 35% 4% 2% 267
Ohio 50% 45% 3% 2% 862
Oklahoma 52% 43% 2% 3% 310
Oregon 46% 47% 6% 1% 229
Pennsylvania 52% 42% 4% 2% 977
Rhode Island 43% 52% 2% 4% 207
South Carolina 44% 48% 5% 3% 386
South Dakota 52% 44% 2% 1% 233
Tennessee 45% 49% 3% 3% 531
Texas 49% 45% 4% 3% 1,918
Utah 56% 42% 1% 1% 238
Vermont 49% 46% 3% 1% 155
Virginia 52% 41% 4% 3% 622
Washington 45% 50% 4% 2% 419
West Virginia 49% 45% 5% 1% 251
Wisconsin 56% 40% 2% 2% 423
Wyoming 66% 28% 4% 2% 236

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

State Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 32% 63% 5% 428
Alaska 53% 44% 3% 176
Arizona 44% 51% 4% 448
Arkansas 37% 61% 3% 258
California 48% 48% 4% 2,213
Colorado 50% 47% 3% 291
Connecticut 61% 35% 4% 237
Delaware 49% 46% 5% 224
District of Columbia 61% 33% 5% 181
Florida 50% 45% 5% 1,367
Georgia 42% 55% 4% 747
Hawaii 56% 38% 6% 186
Idaho 34% 61% 5% 221
Illinois 50% 48% 3% 929
Indiana 38% 57% 5% 496
Iowa 45% 54% 1% 241
Kansas 45% 54% 2% 231
Kentucky 30% 62% 8% 355
Louisiana 33% 63% 5% 367
Maine 53% 43% 4% 177
Maryland 59% 37% 3% 416
Massachusetts 64% 31% 5% 368
Michigan 48% 48% 4% 707
Minnesota 47% 51% 2% 411
Mississippi 33% 62% 5% 269
Missouri 41% 54% 5% 489
Montana 48% 46% 6% 204
Nebraska 42% 52% 6% 242
Nevada 54% 44% 2% 202
New Hampshire 55% 39% 6% 164
New Jersey 55% 41% 4% 606
New Mexico 43% 54% 3% 199
New York 58% 37% 5% 1,249
North Carolina 46% 49% 6% 774
North Dakota 43% 56% 2% 267
Ohio 43% 53% 5% 862
Oklahoma 46% 50% 4% 310
Oregon 53% 44% 3% 229
Pennsylvania 44% 51% 5% 977
Rhode Island 52% 44% 4% 207
South Carolina 39% 57% 4% 386
South Dakota 47% 51% 2% 233
Tennessee 37% 58% 5% 531
Texas 40% 56% 4% 1,918
Utah 37% 61% 2% 238
Vermont 56% 37% 6% 155
Virginia 52% 45% 3% 622
Washington 46% 48% 6% 419
West Virginia 31% 63% 6% 251
Wisconsin 44% 55% 1% 423
Wyoming 39% 58% 3% 236

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

State Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 37% 55% 4% 4% 428
Alaska 55% 37% 5% 3% 176
Arizona 57% 32% 6% 5% 448
Arkansas 43% 48% 5% 4% 258
California 62% 30% 4% 3% 2,213
Colorado 58% 32% 5% 5% 291
Connecticut 72% 24% 1% 3% 237
Delaware 61% 33% 3% 3% 224
District of Columbia 63% 30% 3% 4% 181
Florida 59% 32% 5% 4% 1,367
Georgia 48% 43% 4% 4% 747
Hawaii 60% 33% 3% 4% 186
Idaho 52% 39% 8% 1% 221
Illinois 59% 34% 4% 4% 929
Indiana 51% 41% 4% 4% 496
Iowa 55% 40% 4% 2% 241
Kansas 55% 33% 8% 4% 231
Kentucky 38% 48% 9% 5% 355
Louisiana 47% 41% 7% 6% 367
Maine 66% 26% 2% 6% 177
Maryland 59% 34% 6% 2% 416
Massachusetts 74% 18% 3% 4% 368
Michigan 57% 35% 6% 3% 707
Minnesota 60% 37% 2% 2% 411
Mississippi 37% 57% 5% 1% 269
Missouri 54% 40% 2% 4% 489
Montana 56% 36% 5% 4% 204
Nebraska 55% 40% 3% 3% 242
Nevada 64% 31% 3% 2% 202
New Hampshire 65% 28% 3% 4% 164
New Jersey 67% 27% 2% 4% 606
New Mexico 50% 42% 5% 4% 199
New York 65% 26% 4% 4% 1,249
North Carolina 50% 39% 6% 4% 774
North Dakota 54% 41% 3% 2% 267
Ohio 55% 37% 4% 4% 862
Oklahoma 47% 46% 3% 3% 310
Oregon 56% 34% 7% 3% 229
Pennsylvania 56% 36% 4% 4% 977
Rhode Island 69% 22% 4% 5% 207
South Carolina 47% 45% 5% 3% 386
South Dakota 58% 34% 5% 3% 233
Tennessee 36% 59% 3% 3% 531
Texas 52% 41% 4% 4% 1,918
Utah 49% 43% 4% 3% 238
Vermont 67% 26% 4% 2% 155
Virginia 55% 40% 4% 2% 622
Washington 57% 37% 4% 3% 419
West Virginia 39% 53% 4% 4% 251
Wisconsin 61% 36% 2% 2% 423
Wyoming 49% 41% 6% 4% 236

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

State Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 30% 61% 9% 428
Alaska 51% 42% 7% 176
Arizona 50% 42% 8% 448
Arkansas 34% 55% 11% 258
California 54% 40% 6% 2,213
Colorado 52% 41% 7% 291
Connecticut 66% 31% 3% 237
Delaware 50% 45% 5% 224
District of Columbia 51% 35% 14% 181
Florida 46% 45% 9% 1,367
Georgia 39% 54% 7% 747
Hawaii 47% 40% 12% 186
Idaho 39% 46% 15% 221
Illinois 53% 39% 8% 929
Indiana 40% 49% 11% 496
Iowa 46% 47% 7% 241
Kansas 49% 43% 8% 231
Kentucky 31% 57% 12% 355
Louisiana 36% 56% 8% 367
Maine 58% 36% 6% 177
Maryland 51% 41% 9% 416
Massachusetts 62% 28% 10% 368
Michigan 48% 45% 7% 707
Minnesota 53% 40% 6% 411
Mississippi 28% 63% 9% 269
Missouri 43% 51% 6% 489
Montana 47% 40% 13% 204
Nebraska 44% 50% 5% 242
Nevada 46% 48% 7% 202
New Hampshire 60% 34% 5% 164
New Jersey 51% 40% 9% 606
New Mexico 37% 53% 10% 199
New York 55% 37% 8% 1,249
North Carolina 40% 51% 9% 774
North Dakota 44% 49% 7% 267
Ohio 45% 47% 8% 862
Oklahoma 38% 54% 8% 310
Oregon 49% 45% 6% 229
Pennsylvania 46% 44% 11% 977
Rhode Island 58% 35% 7% 207
South Carolina 34% 60% 7% 386
South Dakota 47% 47% 6% 233
Tennessee 30% 63% 8% 531
Texas 40% 52% 8% 1,918
Utah 43% 53% 4% 238
Vermont 66% 29% 5% 155
Virginia 41% 52% 7% 622
Washington 48% 41% 11% 419
West Virginia 34% 57% 10% 251
Wisconsin 50% 45% 5% 423
Wyoming 46% 45% 9% 236

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

State Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 49% 42% 3% 6% 428
Alaska 50% 44% 3% 4% 176
Arizona 45% 49% 2% 4% 448
Arkansas 45% 51% 3% 2% 258
California 40% 53% 3% 4% 2,213
Colorado 46% 48% 2% 4% 291
Connecticut 36% 61% 1% 2% 237
Delaware 34% 56% 4% 6% 224
District of Columbia 29% 63% 3% 5% 181
Florida 42% 53% 2% 3% 1,367
Georgia 40% 55% 2% 3% 747
Hawaii 28% 67% < 1% 6% 186
Idaho 48% 49% < 1% 3% 221
Illinois 40% 56% 2% 2% 929
Indiana 47% 51% 1% 2% 496
Iowa 39% 56% 3% 2% 241
Kansas 42% 52% 1% 4% 231
Kentucky 53% 40% 3% 4% 355
Louisiana 46% 49% 3% 3% 367
Maine 38% 58% 2% 2% 177
Maryland 37% 60% 1% 2% 416
Massachusetts 38% 55% 2% 5% 368
Michigan 42% 50% 4% 4% 707
Minnesota 37% 58% 2% 3% 411
Mississippi 43% 49% 5% 3% 269
Missouri 45% 50% 2% 3% 489
Montana 62% 33% 2% 2% 204
Nebraska 43% 49% 3% 6% 242
Nevada 48% 46% 1% 5% 202
New Hampshire 35% 64% 1% 1% 164
New Jersey 35% 60% 1% 4% 606
New Mexico 43% 50% 2% 5% 199
New York 35% 61% 2% 3% 1,249
North Carolina 41% 52% 3% 4% 774
North Dakota 46% 47% 3% 4% 267
Ohio 44% 51% 3% 2% 862
Oklahoma 45% 50% 2% 3% 310
Oregon 46% 48% 4% 2% 229
Pennsylvania 44% 52% 2% 2% 977
Rhode Island 34% 63% 1% 2% 207
South Carolina 45% 50% 2% 3% 386
South Dakota 47% 50% 1% 2% 233
Tennessee 46% 47% 3% 4% 531
Texas 40% 54% 2% 3% 1,918
Utah 49% 44% 6% 1% 238
Vermont 42% 54% 1% 3% 155
Virginia 41% 55% 3% 1% 622
Washington 33% 60% 3% 3% 419
West Virginia 58% 35% 3% 3% 251
Wisconsin 42% 55% 1% 2% 423
Wyoming 60% 33% 4% 3% 236

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say humans…

State Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 13% 27% 2% 53% 4% 428
Alaska 19% 31% 4% 40% 7% 176
Arizona 23% 29% 2% 41% 5% 448
Arkansas 16% 30% 2% 49% 3% 258
California 27% 28% 4% 36% 5% 2,213
Colorado 19% 32% 2% 44% 3% 291
Connecticut 27% 32% 2% 36% 3% 237
Delaware 28% 27% 2% 38% 5% 224
District of Columbia 30% 34% 6% 26% 4% 181
Florida 21% 32% 3% 39% 5% 1,367
Georgia 17% 31% 3% 45% 5% 747
Hawaii 29% 29% 2% 37% 3% 186
Idaho 12% 35% 3% 43% 6% 221
Illinois 25% 32% 3% 36% 4% 929
Indiana 19% 31% 3% 43% 4% 496
Iowa 22% 35% 3% 34% 5% 241
Kansas 22% 30% 4% 42% 2% 231
Kentucky 17% 28% 3% 47% 5% 355
Louisiana 16% 32% 3% 43% 6% 367
Maine 36% 23% 5% 30% 5% 177
Maryland 26% 34% 4% 32% 4% 416
Massachusetts 31% 34% 4% 27% 4% 368
Michigan 24% 27% 3% 41% 4% 707
Minnesota 25% 27% 7% 38% 5% 411
Mississippi 14% 23% 3% 56% 4% 269
Missouri 23% 28% 4% 42% 3% 489
Montana 26% 26% 1% 42% 6% 204
Nebraska 22% 34% 4% 35% 5% 242
Nevada 25% 29% 5% 38% 4% 202
New Hampshire 28% 30% 1% 39% 2% 164
New Jersey 28% 29% 3% 36% 5% 606
New Mexico 17% 32% 4% 44% 2% 199
New York 25% 28% 4% 38% 5% 1,249
North Carolina 17% 34% 4% 40% 5% 774
North Dakota 20% 29% 4% 42% 5% 267
Ohio 19% 31% 4% 41% 5% 862
Oklahoma 15% 32% 1% 46% 5% 310
Oregon 22% 31% 2% 37% 7% 229
Pennsylvania 23% 27% 3% 43% 4% 977
Rhode Island 24% 35% 2% 36% 3% 207
South Carolina 16% 29% 2% 48% 5% 386
South Dakota 19% 27% 3% 46% 5% 233
Tennessee 12% 25% 3% 52% 8% 531
Texas 19% 30% 4% 42% 5% 1,918
Utah 15% 32% 4% 46% 2% 238
Vermont 34% 28% 6% 28% 5% 155
Virginia 18% 34% 3% 41% 4% 622
Washington 21% 29% 7% 40% 4% 419
West Virginia 13% 25% 3% 54% 5% 251
Wisconsin 23% 32% 1% 38% 6% 423
Wyoming 22% 30% 7% 38% 4% 236