DemographicInformation

Age distribution among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 162. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 6% 26% 37% 31% 162

Generational cohort among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 162. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 6% 4% 22% 48% 16% 5% 162

Gender composition among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 65% 164

Racial and ethnic composition among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 162. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 92% 3% 1% 1% 2% 162

Immigrant status among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 160. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 6% 86% 160

Income distribution among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 24% 15% 30% 31% 145

Educational distribution among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 13% 24% 32% 164

Marital status among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 2% 12% 9% 13% 164

Parent of children under 18 among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 163. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 74% 163

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 39% 4% 1% 1% 3% 164

Importance of religion in one's life among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 41% 10% 3% < 1% 164

Attendance at religious services among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 30% 51% 19% < 1% 164

Frequency of prayer among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 22% 13% 13% 1% 164

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 11% 9% 64% < 1% 164

Frequency of meditation among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 11% 6% 35% 1% 164

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 15% 23% 10% 1% 164

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 18% 21% 10% < 1% 164

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 15% 55% 12% 1% 164

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 84% 1% 2% 164

Frequency of reading scripture among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 11% 14% 55% < 1% 164

Interpreting scripture among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 26% 1% 50% 14% 164

Belief in Heaven among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 67% 23% 10% 164

Belief in Hell among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 54% 8% 164

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 10% 71% 164

Political ideology among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 35% 55% 3% 164

Views about size of government among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 60% 5% 3% 164

Views about abortion among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 16% 4% 164

Views about homosexuality among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 85% 14% < 1% 1% 164

Views about same-sex marriage among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 83% 12% 4% 164

Views about environmental regulation among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 83% 2% 1% 164

Views about human evolution among congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm

% of congregationalists in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor does more good than harm who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 164. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 22% 4% 18% 5% 164