DemographicInformation

Age distribution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 36% 16% 3% 754
2007 45% 41% 13% 2% 665

Generational cohort among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 27% 26% 17% 2% < 1% 754
2007 < 1% 33% 41% 23% 3% < 1% 665

Gender composition among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 55% 760
2007 51% 49% 682

Racial and ethnic composition among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 752. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 25% 4% 23% 5% 752
2007 58% 19% 2% 16% 6% 675

Immigrant status among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 740. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 11% 73% 740
2007 12% 7% 80% 673

Income distribution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 664. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 18% 17% 6% 664
2007 48% 26% 19% 8% 572

Educational distribution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 26% 7% 3% 757

Marital status among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 759. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 14% 13% 2% 45% 759
2007 38% 15% 10% 1% 36% 679

Parent of children under 18 among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 758. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 66% 758
2007 44% 56% 681

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 32% 9% 1% 5% 2% 760
2007 65% 24% 5% 1% 4% 2% 682

Importance of religion in one's life among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 30% 35% 22% 12% < 1% 760
2007 31% 37% 18% 12% 2% 682

Attendance at religious services among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 36% 55% 1% 760
2007 10% 33% 56% < 1% 682

Frequency of prayer among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 20% 9% 34% < 1% 760
2007 39% 21% 10% 30% 1% 682

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 9% 6% 74% < 1% 760
2007 11% 7% 6% 75% 1% 682

Frequency of meditation among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 10% 3% 60% 1% 760
2007 24% 9% 3% 62% 1% 682

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 15% 12% 27% 1% 760
2007 37% 15% 13% 32% 3% 682

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 15% 12% 36% 1% 760
2007 34% 11% 13% 40% 2% 682

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 11% 57% 13% 2% 760
2007 12% 8% 70% 7% 3% 682

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 79% 1% 1% 760

Frequency of reading scripture among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 11% 6% 63% < 1% 760
2007 20% 10% 8% 62% 1% 682

Interpreting scripture among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 21% 2% 38% 7% 760
2007 31% 25% 3% 32% 8% 682

Belief in Heaven among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 92% 5% 3% 760
2007 93% 4% 2% 682

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 26% 55% 760
2007 24% 24% 52% 682

Political ideology among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 37% 29% 11% 760
2007 24% 42% 25% 9% 682

Views about government aid to the poor among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 64% 3% 2% 760

Views about abortion among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 43% 5% 760
2007 57% 39% 4% 682

Views about homosexuality among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 74% 21% 2% 2% 760
2007 63% 28% 3% 5% 682

Views about same-sex marriage among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 30% 6% 760

Views about environmental regulation among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 61% 2% 3% 760
2007 31% 61% 3% 5% 682

Views about human evolution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Hell who would rather have bigger government; more services who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 24% 3% 31% 3% 760